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Lipscomb's History of Bucks 1831

The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham, Volume IV

edited by George Lipscomb Esq. M.D.
printed by and for John Bowyer Nicholas and Son, 25 Parliament Street, London

Pages 333 to 338 are devoted to "Sherrington" in the Newport Hundred. The following is a transcription of these pages.

Page 333


is situated about two miles from Newport Pagnell, on the road to Olney, and contains about 1900 acres; being bounded, on the North, by Petsoe; on the East, by Hardmead; on the South, by Chicheley; and on the West, by Tyringham.


At the time of Edward the Confessor, there were three Manors in Sherrington, which were given by the Conqueror, after the Battle of Hastings, to Geoffrey Bishop of Constance, in Normandy, and were holden by him at the compiling of Domesday Book; when the Bishop was taxed for his Manor of Sherrington, as ten hides. There were eleven carucates: in the demesne three hides; and there were four carucates. Twenty-two villeins with six bordars having six carucates, and a seventh might have been added. There were eight servants; and one mill, of 26s. rent; four carucates of pasture; woods for one hundred hogs; altogether worth 10l.; when he first held it 7l.; in the time of King Edward 10l. Of this Manor, Edwin, son of Borret, held six hides for one Manor; Alwin, his man, one hide for a Manor; and Osulf, a man of King Edward, three hides for a Manor; all of whom might give or sell their land. (Note 1)

The lands of the Bishop of Constance were forfeited in the reign of William Rufus, for his adherence to Robert Duke of Normandy; and thus Sherrington became vested in the Crown.

At what time this Manor was again granted out, or to whom, does not appear: but one WiIliam, hence surnamed, accounted for the scutage hereof in 1161 (8 Henry II.) And this William de Sherrington, when that King levied an aid for the marriage of his daughter, in 11 Hen. II., returned, that he held it in capite, for two Knights' fees, and had not enfeoffed any under-tenant. He lived till the last year of this reign; and his name occurs in the Liber Rubeus, and in the Pipe Rolls, as paying the scutage for Sherrington up to that year. (Note 2)

To him succeeded in this Manor, Richard de Carun, called also Richard de Sherrington ; but whether he were the son, or the husband of the daughter, of the preceding Lord, has not been ascertained: he, however, held in capite, the two Knights' fees, and paid one hundred marks for livery of his lands in 1189; (Note 3) and also scutage for them in 1 Ric. I. He probably died before the 6th year of that reign; for, in that year, one William de Sherrington paid scutage for Sherrington, as for two Knights' fees.

In 1202, Robert de Vipont gave twenty marks and a palfry for the Wardship of Sherrington's lands and heir; and this Wardship he continued to hold in the 13th year of the same reign; for, in that year, he paid the scutage due from Sherrington. (Note 4) The name of the heir so in ward, was probably John, for John de Carun (called also John de Sherrington,) paid scutage for this Manor in the reign of Hen. III.

The Manor was in the possession of Roger Carun in 6 Edw. II.; of Ralph Basset in 19 Edw. II.; of Henry Grey in 19 Ric. II.; in the family of Linford from 29 Edw. III. to 9 Hen. IV.; and in the hands of John Tyringham in 15 Edw. IV.; when it passed, by the marriage of Elizabeth, sole

1     Terra Epi Constant. In Molesoveslav Hvnd. M Ipse eps SERINTONE. p x. hid se defd'. 'Tra. e. XI. car. In dn'io. III. hidae. et ibi. sunt. IIII. car. Ibi. XXII. uilli cu. VI. bord hn't. VI. car et VIIma. pot fieri. Ibi. VIII. serui. et un' molin' de XXVI. sol. ptu. IIII. car' Silua c. porc'. Int' totu ual. x. lib. Q'do recep'. VII. lib. T.R.E. x. lib. De hoc M tenuit Eduuin' fili' borret VI. hid' p' uno M et Aluuin' ho ej'. I. hid' p' uno M et Osulf' ho regis E. habuit. III. hid' p' uno M. Isti duo potuer dare et uendere terra sua. [Lib. Censual, tom. i. fol. 145.]
2     Lib. Rub. and Rot. Pip. 32 Hen. II.
3     Rot. Pip. 34 Hen. II.
4     Ibid. 13 Joh.

Page 334

daughter and heir of Sir William Tyringham, about 1678, to John Backwell, Esq., son to Edward Backwell, Alderman of London; who, about 1694, sold it to Roger Chapman, Attorney-at-Law, of Newport Pagnell; on whose death, in 1701, it descended to his eldest son and heir, Thomas Chapman, Esq.; and was afterwards purchased by the family of Praed, of Tyringham.

A SECOND MANOR in this Parish also belonged to the family of Carun; from whom it afterwards passed to the Linfords; the last of whose family died in 1468. From the Linfords, this Manor came to the family of Reynes, of Clifton Reynes; and so passing in marriage with Anne, daughter and heir of Richard Reynes, to Thomas Lowe, Esq., it descended to Francis Lowe, who settled at Sherrington, and had a son, named Thomas Lowe, father to Agnes Lowe, who brought this Estate in marriage, to Mr. Adams, of Monmouth. This family conveyed it, about 1710, to Sir John Chester, of Chicheley, Bart.; to whose eldest son and heir, it belonged in 1735.

A THIRD MANOR, dissevered, as is presumed, from the first Manor, was possessed by the Bassets temp. Edw. I., and held under the Manor of Olney, of which Ralph Lord Basset died seised, 9 Edw. II. This Manor came to John Lord Grey de Wilton, by the marriage of Maud, daughter of Ralph Lord Basset of Drayton; in whose family it continued until 1505, when Edmund Lord Grey passed a fine of an Estate at Sherrington, to Thomas Crayford, and others; but, as no Manor is mentioned in the Deed, it is presumed to have passed to Richard Marcot, Esq. who died in 1491, Lord of this Parish. This estate seems to have belonged to the family of Montgomery, in Queen Elizabeth's time, and so to have descended to the Nortons; for, in 1634, in the reign of King Chas. I., it was in the possession of William Norton; who had issue, by Anne his wife, a son, named Brett Norton, born in 1627; and a daughter, named Margaret, first married to Thomas Wiseman, Esq., of Essex; and secondly, to Thomas Duncumbe, Esq. of Broughton; on failure of whose issue male, it came, about 1690, in marriage, to the Pargiters; and about 1710, on the death of Thomas Pargiter, Esq., to the Smiths, of Passenham, Co. Northampton.

From Harvey's Visitation of Bucks, 1575; and Harleian MSS. 1533, p. 34.
Arms: Az. three covered cups, Or. Butler. Arg. a chevron Gu. between three estoils S. Sherrington. Arg. a griffin ramp. Gu. with an estoil in his paw. Carun. Arg. a cross Gu. Lynford, or Linford. Arg. a bend between six estoils S. Crest: The sun in splendour. Ardes.
Pedigree of Sherrington, Lynford, Butler, and Ardes
Page 335

Before the reign of King John, this Church was given by William de Sherrington to the Abbey of Marmontier; (Note 1) who paid scutage in 8 Hen. II. In 1202, the Prior of Newport returned, that he held one virgate of land, with the appurtenances in Sherrington, in free alms, as belonging to his Church, which he held of the gift of William de Sherrington, who had that virgate; and also another, which he gave to the Church in perpetual eleemosynage, when he presented him to the Church of Sherrington; (Note 2) and in 19 Hen. III. John de Carun paid four marks scutage, for fees to the King, for lands holden in capite, (Note 3) of which Robert de Cockfield held one fee. Martin de Carun attempted to recover, by suit against Richard de la Mare, one messuage and ninety acres of land in Sherrington, as his escheat, because William de St. Edmund died without heirs; and thereupon, it was adjudged, before the King, in his Court, that he had rightful process. (Note 4)

The King having, in 1294, (23 Edw. I.) commanded the Sheriff to take into his hands all the lands and tenements of Martin de Carun, the writ was issued accordingly; (Note 5) and in 24 Edw. I. the King accepted the homage of Roger de Carun, of Sherrington, Co. Bucks, for all the lands and tenements which Martin de Carun, his father, deceased, had holden of the King in capite. (Note 6) The dispute which had taken place respecting the Patronage of the Church, between the Prior of Tickford and the Caruns, having been decided in favour of the former, the Priory continued to present to the Rectory, until the Donation of the Advowson to the See of Lincoln, in 1293; and in 1343, (21 Edw. III.) a fine passed between Richard Fitz-Simon le Smith and Richard Linford and Sibil his wife; and their son, John Linford, died seised in 1357 (33 Edw. III); as did a second John Linford, who had given one hundred shillings for license, that he might enfeoff the Manor of Sherrington, with its appurtenances, to Sir Henry Grey of Wilton, Knt. and others, in a certain form. (Note 7)

In a Terrier, dated 1639, signed by the Rev. Josias Noke, Curate, the Rectory is thus described:

The Parsonage-House, containing five bays of building. The Barn, containing seven bays. The Granary, Dovecot, and Stable in the middle of the yard, containing three bays. The Gardens and Yard, and site, two acres. The Pightles, two acres and a half. Seven roods of Glebe-Meadow in the Town-Mead. Commons for five cows and a half, and for thirty sheep. In Windmill-Field, five acres three roods and one-third, and one ley arable. In the Little Field, four acres two roods arable. In Goldworth Furlong, four acres one rood arable.
    THOMAS DE SCHYREFORD was presented 1230, by the Prior and Convent of Newport, who had recovered the Presentation before the Justices of Assize, against John de Carun. At his death,
    William de la Mar was presented by the Prior and Convent of Tickford extra Newport Pagnell, in 1259.
    John de Luca was presented about 1270. He died Rector in 1300; and was succeeded by
    Adam de Ludford, S.T.P. collated by the Bishop 16 April 1300. At his death,
    Thomas de Luda was admitted 5 May 1303. He died 1319, Prebendary of Lincoln, and Treasurer there, having long before resigned this Living.
    William de Beby was collated 1 Jan. 1309.
    Walter de Staurence succeeded. He occurs Rector in 1327, (Note 8) and was Vicar-General to Bishop Burgherst.

1     See Extracts from the Registers of Tickford, in Harl. MSS.; also Placita, ro. 6, in dorso.
2     Placit. 3 Johis, ro. 6, in dorso.
3     Test. de Nevil, 19 Hen. III.
4     Placit. 17 and 18 Edw. I. ro. 48.
5     Rot. Orig. 31 Edw. I. ro. 17, Abbrev. vol. i. p. 90.
6     Rot. Orig. 24 Edw. I. ro. 2, Abbrev. vol. i. p. p. 92.
7     Ibid. 48 Edw. III. ro. 34, Cal. vol. ii. p. 334.
8     In 1330, he was made Archdeacon of Stowe, which he quitted the next year, on being promoted to the Treasurership in the Cathedral of Lincoln. In 1340 and 1341, on a vacancy of the See of Lincoln, Master Walter de Staurence, Canon and Official of Lincoln, acted as Vicar-General, and admitted to vacant Churches, as appears by several admissions in the Register of the Bishops of Ely.

Page 336
    John de Wye was collated 6 Feb. 1329. At his death,
    Walter de Farndale was collated in 1361. He exchanged for Thingford, Co. Northampton, with
    William atte Crosse, 20 Aug. 1379; who also exchanged for Stanhope, in Durham Diocese, with
    William Ryel, 10 June 1401. He exchanged for Langton Rectory, Co. York, with
    John Disworth, 10 Aug. 1405; who exchanged for Helmdon, Co. Northampton, with
    William Barrow, LL.D. 21 Jan. 1406. He was, in 1418, made Bishop of Bangor; and, 1423, translated to the See of Carlisle. He had been Canon of Lincoln, Rector of Helmdon, Co. Northampton, and Chancellor of the University of Oxford. He died at Rose Castle 4 Sept. 1429, and was buried in his own Cathedral, in a Chapel in the south aisle of the choir, with his effigy in his Episcopal habit. In his Will, dated 1 Sept. 1429, he gave some Plate to his Cathedral; 20l. to a Priest to sing for him in St. Catherine's Chantry there; and bequeathed Lands and Tenements at Sherrington (where he seems to have contributed towards the building of the present Church) to his kinsman, Hugh. His successor in this Living was
    Peter Horton, S.T.P. admitted 20 July 1424, on the King's presentation, during the vacancy of the See of Lincoln.
    Robert Monter was presented in 1425.
    William Derby was collated 26 July 1433. He was succeeded by
    Robert Kirkeham; who exchanged for Surfleet Rectory, Co. Lincoln, with
    Gilbert Altoft, 13 Feb. 1444; He afterwards exchanged for Holbeach Vicarage, Co. Lincoln, with
    William Greybarn, S.T.P. who was collated in 1474.
    John Procter was the next Rector, but resigned; and
    Richard Hawardyn, also Rector of Stoke Goldington, was collated 27 Sept. 1510. He was presented at Bishop Atwater's Visitation, about 1515. At his death,
    Richard Mawdley was collated 7 Dec. 1518. He was afterwards Archdeacon of Leicester; died in 1530; and is said to have been buried at Thame.
    Robert Kencot, or Kencok, was collated 28 May 1529. He died; and
    Thomas Robertson, A.M. (called Capellanus Regis) was collated by the Bishop of Lincoln, but was afterwards deprived by Queen Elizabeth.
    William Rolston was collated 11 Feb. 1543, and occurs Rector 1555.
    Francis Babington succeeded in 1557; but resigned in 1562. (Note 1)
    Giles Snell was presented by Thomas Highgate and William Ardes 1562, no doubt, on a grant of the Advowson, or a lease made by the Bishop of Lincoln. How long he held the Living is not known; but his successor,
    Henry Barley, or Barlow, paid his First Fruits in 1569. He was Proctor of the University of Cambridge in 1553; and was succeeded, at his death, by
    John Martin, A.B. who was collated 30 Nov. 1581, having been installed Prebendary of Bedford Minor in Lincoln Cathedral, in 1574. He died; and
    Thomas Gilder was collated 29 Jan. 1626; but died about 1647
    Ignatius Fuller intruded in 1647, and possessed it in those times of anarchy; but, conforming at the Restoration of King Charles, he took out the King's title 10 March 1661. He was a native of this County; of Emanuel Coll. Camb.; and had been admitted as a Pensioner there 6 April 1643; A.B. 1646; A.M.1650. He resided here sixty-four years, and was reputed to be a Socinian. He died 21 Oct. 1711, aet. 86, and was, with many of his family, buried in the Church here.
    John Barton, A.M. collated 10 Dec. 1711. He resigned, in 1743, to his son, and retired to his other Rectory of Great Brickhill, after having greatly improved the Parsonage-House.
    Philip Barton, A.M. Fellow of Merton College, Oxon, was collated by Bishop Reynolds 7 July 1739, and inducted 20 Dec. 1743. His wife died in 1781; and he exchanged this Living for Stoke Hammond. He was succeeded by
    Alexander Cromleholme, (A.M. of Queen's Coll. Oxon.) Chaplain to the Bishop of Lincoln, who was collated about Nov. 1781. He was also Rector of Adstock; and, at his death, was succeeded in this Living by
    John Pretyman, A.M. who was collated in 1811, by the Bishop of Lincoln.

consists of a lofty nave and two aisles, which are leaded; and a chancel, tiled. Between the nave and chancel is a handsome embattled tower, with a clock; and five bells, cast in 1577. The length of the whole building, from east to west, is 104 feet; and the height of the tower 62 feet. The Church is dedicated to St. Laud, a French Bishop.

1.     In 1561, it was returned, that Babington resided at Oxford, being Rector of Lincoln College.

Page 337

On the south side of the chancel are three graduated seats or stalls, under a pointed arch, having canopied niches (beneath the recess), separated by mullions or pilasters. On the same side is a small door, between two mullioned windows, each of three lights; and at the east end is a larger window, with mullions and tracery. Between the chancel and the transept is a pointed arch, supported by demi-octangular columns or pilasters.

The Font, which is likewise octagon, is sustained by a pillar decorated with arches and tracery; and the compartments around the basin ornamented with half-length figures in relievo; viz. a man with a club or truncheon (perhaps a sceptre), an angel, and others. The cover is of wood, elaborately carved, having a finial resembling a spire, resting on flying buttresses. On one of the sides, are these words: "Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of Heaven." (Note 1) At the east end of the chancel are panels, painted, with the Ten Commandments.

On a neat mural tablet, in the south aisle:

Sacred to the Memory of Mr Dryden Smith, late of this Parish, who departed this life April XIX. MDCCCX. in the LXIX. year of his age.
Also Mrs Ann Smith, wife of the above, who departed this life March XXVIII. MDCCCIX. in the XLIII. year of her age.
Also Mr Dryden Smith, eldest son of the above, who departed this life Septr XIV. MDCCCXXI. in the XL. year of his age.
Likewise Thomas, James, Joseph, and Mary, who died infants.
                Search me, O God! and know my heart;
                Try me, and know my thoughts:
                And see if there be any wicked way in me:
                And lead me in the way everlasting.

In a window of the north aisle, were the .Arms of Tyringham, viz:

Quarterly. 1. A cross engrailed. 2. and 3. Coat defaced. 4. A chevron between three roses.

On the pavement, in the chancel, on an ordinary stone, is this inscription:

Here lyeth Mrs Ann Prescott, grand-daughter of Sir John Prescott, and wife of Mr Ignatius Fuller. She died Aug. 28, 1706.

On a stone, near the Communion-table:

J. F. Rector hujus Ecclesiae, Resurrectionem expectat. Obiit 26 Octobris A.D. 1711, aetat. suae 86.

On an ordinary stone, in the middle of the chancel, near the north wall, is the following:

Here lyeth the Body of Eliz. the wife of J. Fuller. He lived Rector of this Church 64 years. She dyed the 30th of April 1695, aged 65.

Near the desk, in the nave, on an ancient stone, is the portraiture of a man in brass; at his feet was a tablet, which had an inscription engraved on it, both of which are lost. On the same stone, below, were the effigies of a man and woman, with four male children standing between them, in brass, which have met with the same fate. However, the following inscription at their feet remains :

Of your charitee pray for the Soules of Robert Yonge &: Alice his wyf: the wheche Robert deceased the iiij Day of June in the yer of our Lord God Mcccccxvij. On whose Soules; J'hu have mercy. Amen.

On an ordinary stone, in the body of the Church, is this inscription:

Ann Norton, daughter of Sr John Brett, Knt. and the relict of William Norton, Esq. dyed July 8, A.D. 1671, eetat. suae 68.

On an ancient marble, near the upper south window, are the portraitures of a man and woman, in brass; near them was a crucifix, now torn off; and above the woman, on a scroll :

Miserere nobis Domine.

At their feet, this inscription, on a brass:

Hic sepelitur corpus Ricardi Mareot, venerabilis Jurisperiti, quondam unius Dominorum hujus Villae; ac

1     The Font has been removed from its original and more usual situation, towards the west end of the nave, into the chancel, which is separated from the transept by close gates or doors, as is the aisle or belfry itself, from the east end of the nave, by a partition or screen of wainscot, with doors in the lower part of it; a contrivance by which the Church may perhaps be rendered warmer, but which entirely destroys the harmony of the interior of the sacred edifice.

Page 338
Justiciarii Pacis hujus Comitatus. Qui quidem Ricardus filiam et heredem desponsavit Humphridi Catesby Armigeri filii et heredis Johis Catesby Militis, quondam de Whiteston in Comitatu Northampton; et obiit idem Ricardus Mareot xvij. die Julij Ano. Dni. Mcccclxxxxj. Cujus aie propicietur Deus.
Credo [quod Redemptor meus] vivit, et in no[vissimo die de Terra re]surrecturus sum, et in came mea videbo Deum Salvatorem meum, quem visurus sum egi ipse, et non alius; et oculi mei conspecturi sunt; et in carne mea [videbo] Salvatorem meum; reposita est haec spes mea in sinu meo.

The last paragraph is carried round the verge on a fillet of brass. At the two corners, at the top, were the arms of Mareot, impaling Catesby.

On three ordinary stones, lying even with the last, are these inscriptions:

Here lyeth the Body of Mrs Ann Pargiter, daughter of Thomas and Susanna Pargiter, Gent. She departed this life Nov. 25, 1705, in the 31st year of her age.
Here lyeth the Body of Thomas Pargiter, Gent. He departed this life Nov. 11, 1710, in the 69th year of his age.
Here lyeth the body of Mrs Susanna Pargiter, late wife of Thomas Pargiter, Gent. She departed this life June 10, 1702, in the 63d year of her age.

On a mural monument:

                                M. S.
On the north side of this chancel are deposited the remains of the Rev. Alexander Cromleholme, for 29 years Rector of this Parish.
He died Oct. 31st 1810, aged 74.
                To soothe our sorrow, and thy worth proclaim,
                A trembling hand inscribes thy much-loved name;
                And tho' the Preacher's warning voice sincere
                No more shall claim thy flock's attentive ear,
                Nor longer shall thy blameless life display
                The Road which points to Heaven's eternal day;
                Yet faithful Memory shall in part supply
                The fair example which shall never die;
                And, cheer'd by Hope, whilst bending o'er thy Urn,
                We hail thy virtues, and forbear to mourn.
In the same vault are interred the remains of Emma, the beloved and only daughter of Alexander and Emma Cromleholme.
She died July 17th 1803, aged 7 years and 8 months.

Against the wall of the north aisle, is a brick altar monument, covered at the top with a white marble, whereon are cut the portraitures of a man and woman. (Note 1) At their feet: Quarterly, 1 and 4, a bend between six mullets. 2 and 3, a cup covered; impaling 1 and 4; a chevron between three saltires; 2 and 3, a lion rampant. Round the verge, this imperfect inscription:

. . . . . qui quidem Johis obijt xvitjo. die Martij. A.D. Millesimo cccclxviij.; - et dicta Isabella obijt xxiiijo. die Augusti, A.D. Millesimo. . . . . .

On an atchievement, are the Arms and Crest of Barton; and on another, Barton and Dunscombe, quarterly.

On a tablet of wood, over .the door leading to the belfry and chancel:

Extract from the Last Will and Testament of Edward Fuller, late of Watford, in the County of Hertford, deceased, dated 4 August 1705: "I give and bequeath, and hereby direct my Executors to layout the sum of one hundred and twenty pounds, or what other sum will be sufficient for that purpose, in purchase of a Rent-charge of Inheritance of five pounds per annum, free from all charges and deductions, to be vested in such Trustees as my Executors shall direct, for the use of the Parish of Sherrington, to be issuing out of lands in or near Sherrington, as may be; which rent-charge shall be paid and disposed of in manner following, viz. :-twenty shillings per annum to the Minister of the said parish for the time being, and he to preach a Sermon for the same on the twenty-seventh day of March yearly for ever, and ten shillings yearly to be expended on the Minister and Churchwardens of the said parish on the day of preaching the said Sermon; six and twenty half crowns to be given to six and twenty poor and necessitous persons of the said parish, such as the Minister and Churchwardens in their discretion shall think fit, to be yearly on the day of preaching the said Sermon; and five shillings on the same day to the Clerk of the said parish for the time being, yearly for ever.
                              Rn. HUMPHREYS.   } Ch. Wardens.
                              JOHN . . . .                 }

The REGISTER was begun in 1711; none of an earlier date having been preserved. (see SHS Note A)

1     This Tomb was for John Linford, Esq. whose family lived in a house on the north side of the Church, which belonged formerly to the Lowes, and afterwards to the family of Adams. It was sold, about 1710, to Sir John Chester, Bart., of Chicheley. [Willis's MSS.]
SHS Note A: This statement is not correct - the register starts in 1698.

Victoria County History 1927 - Back to Village Events

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