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St. Lawrence's Church, Towcester - Saxon Period
Anglo-Saxon stoneAnglo-Saxon stone
Drawing of Anglo-Saxon stoneDrawing of Anglo-Saxon stone
Shaft with Norman baseShaft with Norman base
It is probable that a church has stood here from at least A.D.921 when King Edward the Elder (899-924), son of Alfred the Great, fortified the town as one of a series of border strongholds against the Danes who occupied the country to the north east of Watling Street. We know that a Saxon Church stood on this site as Towcester is mentioned as one of four churches with their titles given by William the Conqueror to the Abbey of Fontanelle in Normandy.

The absence of any tangible evidence to that period was broken in the spring of 1990. While undertaking work on the tower for a new frame to receive twelve bells a stone was removed; it was totally different to the stone of the tower, which was dark brown ironstone and had been re-used and reversed from an earlier phase of construction. The reverse side of this stone is carved on one face with a simple interlace, (Interlace patterns are characteristic of Anglo - Saxon decoration). The carved pattern is in the form of a simple 2-cord, tightly woven single beaded chain plait. This Anglo-Saxon motif had been hidden for five hundred years. The Church Architect, Paul Woodfield, pronounced: "that the stone probably dates from the late tenth or early eleventh centuries A.D. and may be part of a preaching cross."

The Anglo -Saxon stone, cut from different ironstone to the present tower, suggests that it was either lying around in the 15th century when the new tower was built, or may have been incorporated within an Anglo -Saxon earlier tower.

The only other stone that may possibly be identified as Anglo -Saxon forms the base of the Norman shaft on the south side of the chancel arch. The corresponding base on the other side was copied in the 19th century. Two elaborately carved 12th century shafts were incorporated into the chancel arch in 1871. The shafts, one with zigzag decorations and the other with nested lozenges and drilled beading date from about 1170.

  1. The photograph and drawing of the anglo saxon stone by kind permission of Paul Woodfield.
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