The families of


of Castlethorpe & Hanslope, Buckinghamshire


1598 – 1900

Compiled March 2002 (revised April 2005)


grand-uncle Oliver seeks his fortune in London

hobnobbing ancestors in Castlethorpe churchyard

William Tooth's grinding labour 1794-1847

grandmother's pre-Tooth hubby

Episode 5 WHO'S WHO
the Panters getting in on the aristos' act?

the Tooths had never had it so good

the Panters who kept getting Court

Will Panter witnesses Widow Lane's will

digging for the Digby connection

grandmother's nephew in Aylesbury gaol

interesting bits…and bobs

getting things in perspective

from Here to Eternity

how the other half lived


Having spent much of the past fifty years engaged in the task of researching our family history it’s beginning to dawn on me that it could well develop into a lifetime passion! This quest for knowledge of our ancestors resulted in the accrual of an abundance of research data and copy documents. My files include the inevitable and ever-growing lists of names and dates, usually referred to as the ‘bare bones’ of genealogy. But every so often documents surface and soon build into a collection that helps put flesh on those bones thereby imbuing some of our ancestors with at least a modicum of character. Many of the documents are so interesting that I felt the production of a written record relating their connection with our forbears was justified. In common with many families ours is of basic stock considering ourselves to be ‘ordinary’ which makes these episodes from our past all the more surprising.

Due to the potentially vast number of ancestors we all have - most of whom would be untraceable - no family’s history can ever be fully researched or ‘completed’. Even a moderate amount of source material usually covers hundreds of ancestors belonging to generations of families spread throughout many historical periods. Any author intent on recording their family’s history for posterity would have to settle for writing a portion of it only, restricting the content perhaps to a few selected interesting ancestors, a specific period or an intriguing line of descent. The compromise with our book is to confine its scope to a collection of episodes relating events in the lives of three of our many maternal ancestor families… Tooth, Panter and Sherington.

The years intervening between us and our ancestors is the reason we feel divorced from and not able to identify with them. Family relationships, other than those with which we are familiar, can be confusing but the following simplified explanation may help. Our grandparents and, in each earlier generation our great grandparents, are simply our parents removed from us by the passage of time and therefore their siblings, our grand (or great)-uncles and aunts and great grand-uncles and aunts - would be our uncles and aunts. This helps clarify just how closely related we are to the more significant ancestors recorded in our family pedigrees. In any written account of family history it is impossible to specify each reader’s relationship to the ancestral characters featured thus you will find that I give only that which applies to me. Using this information readers related to me should then be able to calculate their relationship to the ancestors to whom I refer.

You may be a newcomer to the genre of written family history and find that the constant repetition of names, dates and relationships that are so necessary for clarification, makes for tiresome reading. To help alleviate this, laborious full-relationship titles such as ‘eight times great grandparent’ and '12 times great grand-uncle' have in places been reduced to read ‘grandparent’ and 'grand-uncle'. In these instances the accompanying text and/or the line pedigree should help clarify. Reading will take real concentration coupled with a genuine desire to learn about the ancestors who people these pages. It has been necessary to omit much biographical and other information and also many other kinfolk and events. A list of general source references is included within ‘Miscellanea’. To keep things as ‘non-technical’ as possible, in one or two cases only have I considered it necessary to give a brief explanation of certain types of record.

The Ancestor Count (appendix B) is self-explanatory and emphasises the fact that, due to the vast number of ancestors we each potentially have most of whom would be untraceable, we will only discover a minimal amount of our ancestral history. Albeit as a research voyeur I‘ve followed my ancestors throughout the eventful years of their lives from birth or baptism, to their weddings and to their inevitable decease and burial and have been privy to the content of their last will and testament, assuming of course that their circumstances were such that they made one and it has survived. After all these years of ‘associating’ with them, naturally I feel I know them well and that I am part of them and they of me.

Never does the past become more alive for us than when as family historians we set out to discover our ancestors.

'Kinchaser' (March 2005)

Episode one:

Grand-uncle Oliver seeks his fortune in London

John Panter and Judith Barker, the couple who appear at the top of the line pedigree (appendix C), are just one of the potential 512 couples of their generation who are all my eight times great-grandparents. We owe our existence to the conjugal activities in which they and all our other grandparent ancestors engaged. Of course there were those who, more by accident than design, found themselves indulging pre-nuptially rather than waiting for the ‘official’ sanction granted by the marriage ceremony. John and Judith were two such eager participants as only three and a half months after their marriage at Hanslope, Bucks. on 2nd February 1598 Judith gave birth to a son who on 14th May was baptised William. Their marriage may well have been arranged in haste and if so, and the event was attended by armed and irate parents, the wedding would have been what careless and irresponsible bachelors refer to as 'shotgun'!

John and Judith’s children, born between 1598 and 1614, were William, Oliver, John, Richard, Jane, Gilbert, Mary, Robert and Katherine. Robert, their youngest son (bap.1611), married Elizabeth Mills at Hanslope on 22nd July 1633 and they became our Panter grandparents in the generation after John and Judith. In my case and correctly termed they are seven times great-grandparents.

One of grandfather Robert Panter’s brothers, Gilbert Panter (bap 1608), was a butcher like their father John. He married first wife Mary Dormer at Castlethorpe on 2nd October 1640 and they had three sons. The youngest, Gilbert (bap. 1644), carried on the family tradition by becoming a butcher. On 22nd April 1680 he was due to serve as a juryman at the Bucks. Quarter Sessions court held at Aylesbury but did not attend thereby forfeiting his recognizance bond of £10 – quite a sum in those days. His non-attendance and fine is recorded in the court records (see episode 7 for more on the Panters in court). After ten years of marriage Mary died and was buried at Hanslope on 4th February 1650. Four years later, on 16th November 1654, widower Gilbert married again this time to Katherine Whiten.

Episode one: page 2

March 17th Anno Domini 1623

In the name of God Amen I John Panter of Han
slapp in the County of Bucks being weake and sicke
in body but of good and perfect remembrance thanks
be given too Allmighty God doe make and ordaine
this my laste will and testament in manner and
form following firste I give and bequeath my soule
into the hands of Allmighty God the father the
son and the holy Ghost and my body to be bu
ried in the church yard of Hanslapp aforesaid. Item
I give unto my sonne Oliver tenne shillings. Item I
give unto Richard my sonne tenne shillings. Item I give
unto my sonne Gilberte tenne shillings. Item I give
unto Roberte my youngeste sonne twenty shillings. Item
I give unto my daughter Jane twenty shillings. Item
I give unto my daughter Katherine twenty shillings
to be paid unto them at the age of one and twenty
yeares and if any of them doe dy before the(y) come to the
age of twenty and one yeares my will is that their por
tions shall be divided amongste them that are alive.
All the rest of my goodes unbequeathed I give unto
Judeth my wife to pay my debts and dischardg
my f
unerall and doe make hir my whole and sole
executrixe of this my laste will and testemente

the m
of John
witnesses Henry Newman
and Thomas Churche
William Panter

Transcript of the original Last Will & Testament of John Panter, 1623

The document is damaged but the missing text, indicated by the lighter colour,
was obtained from the registered copy. The will was proved 5th June 1624.

( original held at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury. ref: D/A/Wf/25/9)

Episode one: page 3

But to return to John and Judith....he was a butcher by trade as were several Panters
in later generations. His will, written on 17th March 1623, still survives after nearly 400 years! On 18th March 1624, a year and a day after it was penned, John was buried at Hanslope. The original document is damaged but fortunately the missing text was obtained from the registered copy (see p.2 this episode). In it John refers to four of his five surviving sons; Oliver, Richard, Gilbert and Robert but of son William there is no mention. Perhaps he received his share during John's lifetime, a not unusual practice. He may be the William Panter who acted as one of the three witnesses. John bestowed legacies on his two daughters, Jane and Katherine and also appointed his widow Judith as sole executrix.

Grand-uncle Oliver was born circa 1602-1604 but thus far his baptismal record if any has not been located. However, a surprising document find tells us something of his early life. A Register of Apprentice Bindings dated 1618 archived at the City of London Records Office in the Guildhall Library shows that he was admitted into the City Livery Company of Tylers (sic) and Bricklayers as an apprentice (a transcribed entry from the latin is on p.4 of this episode) but unfortunately the indentures themselves do not survive. On admission Oliver must have been aged between 14 and 16 so his seeking pastures and prospects new so far from his home in Buckinghamshire must have been arranged by and with the blessing of his parents. He was probably a free-spirited chap and decided not to follow his father into the butcher trade which must have caused his parents some disappointment. He was admitted into the Company on 2nd December 1618 to be apprenticed to the Master, Samuel Lancaster, for an eight-year term and on the 25th January 1618/19 he (Oliver) was to be formally presented at the Company’s Court of Assistance.

Oliver’s decision to become an apprentice so far from his home may have been due to London relatives. Certain indexes show that Panter families who could have provided the very necessary home and support to one so young were living there at that time. Alternatively he may have been persuaded by an ex-apprentice who had later returned home to Hanslope. Oliver set off for London from his home village in 1618 and in view of the circumstances concomitant with travel at that time the journey would have been a long and uncomfortable one.

Did Oliver go on to become a Freeman of the City as many ex-apprentices did? Another avenue to explore! He may well have married and settled in London as research over the years in the Buckinghamshire area has produced no reference to an Oliver Panter, an indication perhaps that he did not return home.

Episode one: page 4

By kind permission of The Worshipful Company of Tylers & Bricklayers.
(City of London, London Metropolitan Archives, London Metropolitan Archives, Ms 3045/1)

Part of a page from The Worshipful Company of Tylers' & Bricklayers'
Register of Apprentice Bindings 1618

3rd entry: Grand-uncle Oliver Panter’s entry on the 2nd December 1618.
Note…dates 2nd Dec 1618 and 25th Jan 1618/19 (which followed) are correct – the Julian Calendar was in effect at this time.

Translation from the Latin: Panter to Presented that Oliver Panter son of John Panter of Hanslope in the county of Buckingham
Lancaster 25 Jan butcher, is apprenticed to Samuel Lancaster, Master, of the Tylers & Brick…
1618 London, for the term of 8 years from the day and date presented. Date 2 Dec 1618.

Episode two:

Hobnobbing ancestors in Castlethorpe churchyard

The Church of St. Simon & St. Jude, Castlethorpe, Buckinghamshire

Castlethorpe village lies 15 miles north-west of Leighton Buzzard and is situated in Buckinghamshire just inside that county’s border with Northamptonshire. A typical village with stone cottages, a few Victorian and Edwardian terraces and an infill of modern property here and there. When Robert Stephenson completed the London to Birmingham Railway in 1838 Castlethorpe, through which the main line to the north was sited, was considered to be too insignificant to be given a station but eventually one was built in 1882. Although the station closed its doors in 1965 trains still whizz through the village on their way north.

The village does not fit the ‘chocolate-box’ image and its church is basic and plain. In contrast however a colourful story can be revealed about some of the notable long-term residents who inhabit burial plots in that consecrated ground over the churchyard wall. Sharing their eternal rest are some of our Tooth, Panter and other ancestors who, as we shall discover, are rubbing shoulders (albeit in a recumbent position), with some illustrious company.

Episode two: page 2

The notables cosying-up to our crowd in their 'slumber' include Judge Sir Thomas Tyrell, a character who figured in the nation’s history (see episode 6). He was buried on 16th March 1672 aged 78. His third wife Dame Bridget died in 1685 and is also interred at Castlethorpe. Inside the church is a fine black and white tomb to his memory which looks out of place here but would not do so in a church of more significance. With marble curtains drawn aside it shows, carved in alabaster, Sir Thomas in his robes as Chief Justice with scroll in hand as he sits at the base of the memorial with his head resting on the knee of his wife Dame Bridget who is seated. An unusual pose for a memorial of that time.

Also sited in the church but now dismantled during a Victorian refurbishment was a large gallery of possibly late 18th century date on the front of which was inscribed in large capitals...'Joseph Kitelee, Thomas Kitelee, William Swannell, Benjamin Churchill the names of the principal inhabitants of the parish at whose expense it was built for their own accommodation'. Our Tooth and Panter ancestors were also among such inhabitants and intermarried with the Swannell, Churchill, Rainbow, Nicholls, Truelove and Kitelee families of both Castlethorpe and Hanslope. All appear to have enjoyed a fair degree of wealth and as an indication of their standing in the community certain documents relating to the Castlethorpe Enclosure Award of 27 March 1793 show Messrs. Kitelee, Rainbow, Swannell, Nicholls, and my grandfather Charles Tooth as ‘officials’ and ‘Trustees of the Poors’ Land’.

Sir Thomas' daughter-in-law, the Lady Anne Tyrell wife of his son Sir Peter, was in fact the grand-daughter of Sir Walter Raleigh she being the daughter of his son Carew. Following Judge Sir Thomas’ death in 1672 the Lady Anne and Sir Peter resided with their family in the ‘Manor’ House at Castlethorpe until their deaths. Lady Anne was buried on 24th January 1709 and Sir Peter on 11th March 1711. Their son Sir Thomas - Sir Walter Raleigh's grandson - survived them and lived there with his daughters and co-heirs Harriett and Christobella until his death in 1714. The sisters moved elsewhere in the county to live and later married. At her third marriage Christobella became the Right Honourable Viscountess Say & Sele and lived at Grendon Underwood near Aylesbury. She died in 1789 aged 94 and published sources relate that even at that age she still dressed and acted as though a girl of eighteen which, for those subjected to her company, must have been a sad, amusing or wearing experience. Harriett married James Lamb Esq., of Kirtlington, Co. Oxon. who died in 1777 and whom she survived until 1785.

Episode two: page 3

With the deaths of the two sisters the Tyrells of Castlethorpe died out but other branches of the family remained around the country including Thornton and Thornborough, Buckinghamshire.

Sometime after the Tyrells vacated the Castlethorpe ‘Manor’ House, a major part of the building was demolished. The portion that remained, known as Castle Yard and later Castle House, came to be occupied by my four times great grandparents Charles and Ann Tooth (see episode 6). There cannot be many Castlethorpe residents today who are not aware that their village churchyard is the last resting place of a Lady, whose grandfather was Sir Walter Raleigh, and also her father-in-law (literally), was Sir Thomas Tyrell a Chief Justice, both of whom figured prominently in the nation's history.

Top: Castlethorpe Church & Castle Mound seen from Castle House garden
Below: Castle House seen from the top of Castle Mound

Episode three:

William Tooth's grinding labour 1794-1847

In an age when flour mills and transport methods as we know them did not exist, the service provided by a local miller was essential to the village communities served by his mill. Just such a man was William Tooth, the miller at Castlethorpe Mill for over fifty years. Baptised at Castlethorpe on 20th May 1768 he was one of four sons born to my four times great-grandparents Charles Tooth and Ann (nee Swannell) and two daughters completed the family. Another of their sons, John, married Anne Elliott and this couple became my grandparents in the generation after Charles and Ann. William the miller then, as a brother of my grandfather John, was my grand-uncle.

Charles and his father John Tooth were yeoman farmers in the district (see footnote). Charles was tenant of Castle Farm and occupied the farmhouse then called Castle Yard, known today as Castle House. The property was the part of Sir Thomas Tyrell's former ‘Manor’ House that remained after part-demolition prior to Charles’ tenancy. It had been built at the south-western corner of the old castle site hence the names given to the farm and house both of which formed part of the Althorpe estate situated across the border in Northamptonshire. Thus my grandfather Charles was renting from one of the Earls Spencer, ancestors of the late Princess Diana (see episode 6 for more on Charles and family).

The parish boundaries of Hanslope and Castlethorpe villages adjoin and though situated in the latter parish the mill formed part of the manor of Hanslope which had been granted to a William Maudit by Henry 1st. Known also as Hanslope Mill, in 1086 it was worth twelve shillings yearly. In 1550 the manor was granted to Princess Elizabeth who became Queen eight years later in 1558 when she acceded to the throne.

At Castlethorpe on 27th November 1792 miller William married Susannah Naseby. Just over a year later their first child was born, a son whose baptismal name William was given to him at Castlethorpe church on 15 December 1793. It was in that year the Enclosure Act for the parish was passed and miller William’s father Charles, with four others, is referred to in the relevant documents as an ‘official’ and a ‘Trustee of the Poors’ Land’.

Yeoman: 'person qualified, by possessing free land of forty shillings annual value, to serve on juries and vote for a Knight of the Shire. Small landowner, farmer, person of middle class engaged in agriculture’.

Episode three: page 2

An Open Day at Castlethorpe Mill in July 1998

‘Buildings of England’ (Pevsner, 1994) :-
‘…modest, long and stone-built, with a part-brick mill house; datestone 1671. The water wheel is missing but much of the machinery is in situ. Hanslope’s Domesday Mill may have stood on this site’ .

‘Listed Buildings of Buckinghamshire’ (Dept of the Environment, 1984) :-

Corn mill and mill house: 17th cent. Mill is coursed rubblestone, house: stone lower storey, brick upper. Tiled roofs. Mill: 2 storeys plus dormers, 5 bays. House: 2 bays and 2 storeys. House has paired casements and central doorway. Gable and party stacks. Mill has 3 windows with a mill-race to each side. Irregular first-floor opening, 4 gabled dormers. At left additional bay with cowshed and loft over. Much of the machinery remains but the water wheel is missing’.

Episode three: page 3

This obligation would have meant them overseeing the enclosure procedure which would have involved the reviewing, revising and re-allotting the land and tenancies. Notes in the Spencer estate records held at Northants. Records Office which relate to the enclosure indicate that William and his father Charles were jointly reponsible for the rent on the mill (see episode 6, page 7).

William and Susannah had probably just settled into the mill house when, at 15 months old, infant William died and was buried at Castlethorpe on 24th March 1795. Later another son arrived who, at his baptism on 24th April 1796, was also named William obviously in memory of his deceased sibling. In all, Susannah gave birth to nine sons and six daughters. Eight died in infancy, others died young and she herself at age circa 72 outlived them all bar two. The fifteen were of course great-grandchildren of my five times great grandparents John and Mary Tooth as their son Charles was William the miller’s father. Charles died in 1807, still a tenant of Earl Spencer and in his will proved in that year he names William the miller and his siblings as beneficiaries.

Deposited with the Althorpe Estate papers archived at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury is a rent book of 1796 (a transcript of the rent book is on page 4, this episode) which confirms William Tooth as tenant of Castlethorpe Mill and 11 acres of land. It also confirms his father Charles Tooth’s tenancy of the 'Manor House' and 29 acres of land. Tenants’ payments were made to the Earl Spencer’s agent, the Receiver of the Rents, Thomas Harrison. This gentleman featured earlier in our family history in 1787 when he raised an order to enforce payment by William’s father Charles of overdue monies in the sum of 'three-hundred and forty-six pounds, five shillings and twopence half-penny’ plus ‘fifty-four pounds and eleven shillings’ being another half-year’s rent due. It was this unfortunate episode that gave rise to a document referred to as an Assignment of Chattels dated 1787 the details of which will be found in episode 6.

In 1798, William Tooth and his brother John, my grandfather (who married Anne Elliott), were working the mill together and both are listed in the Buckinghamshire Posse Comitatus of that date. This is a grand latin title for what is simply… ‘a register of the names and occupations of all persons residing within the county of Bucks (not engaged in any military capacity) between the ages of 15 and 60 years and also of the number of draught-horses, waggons, carts of burthen, wind and water corn-mills within the same’… in other words a gang of blokes with horses! Now you know why sheriffs in western films call for a ‘Posse Comitatus’ (see footnote).

Posse Comitatus: ’body of men above age of fifteen in a county whom sheriff may summon to repress riot, etc.

Episode three: page 4

Willm Tooth Tenant
at Thorpe Mill
Old Inclosures
Mill Close - Grass
Mill Holm
Mill Homestead
Mill Close - arable

Charles Tooth Tenant
Old Inclosures
Homestead calld the Castle
Castle Close
Lower Checker
Upper Do.

(transcribed with the permission of the Carington Estate.
Original document held at Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury, ref: D/CN/4/IV)

Page from a Spencer Estate Rent Book, 1796

Episode three: page 5

William and John are listed as millers and the entry states that they had 'three horses, one waggon and one cart ' and that ‘the weekly quantity of grain ground there at being 30 loads’. The names of other ancestors appearing in the lists and following various trades and occupations are Panter, Swannell, Rainbow and Nicholls.

The Castlethorpe Census Return of 1841 dated 10th June lists William Tooth, miller, aged 70 and his wife Susannah, also aged 70. William could be said to be very long in the Tooth (sorry!) and no doubt having spent so long in the mill harness he found it impossible to stop pulling the cart. With no telly yet in the house to watch he would probably have spent most of his time in the mill building enjoying a pipe o’ baccy while keeping a beady eye on his employees. On the 20th June, just ten days after the Census information had been given, Susannah died and was buried four days later. Ten months after this, on 8th April 1842, the couple’s 21-month old grand-daughter Katherine died and four days later was interred in her grandmother Susannah’s grave. Whilst on a visit to Castlethorpe churchyard in 1988 I discovered and photographed their gravestone memorial. At the time it was not in situ but was being used - or rather abused - as part of a pathway leading to the gravedigger's shed! The memorial reads: ‘In Memory of Susannah wife of William Tooth who departed this life June 20 1841 aged 32 years [also] Katherine, daughter of James and Jane Tooth who departed this life April 8 1842 aged 21 months’ and ‘tis religion that can give, wholesome pleasures when we live, ‘tis religion can supply, solid comfort when we die’. Note the error made by the mason when engraving the stone - Susannah was about 72 when she died not 32. There are visible signs that he made a token attempt to correct his mistake but with little success. Note also that, with regard to Susannah’s ages as stated above there appears to be an error between the age given for her in the Census, 70, and her age at death, 72, as per the burial register entry. Her age recorded in the Census should have been the latter but in the 1841 enumeration only the ages of adults were rounded up or down to the nearest five years thus Susannah’s real age was rounded down to 70. The ‘James’ referred to on the gravestone was one of William and Susannah’s nine sons - of whom more later - in trade as a butcher with a shop in Castlethorpe village. Miller William died in 1850 and was buried at Castlethorpe on 30th June aged ’82 years’.

Only three of William and Susannah's nine sons reached adulthood. William the eldest of the trio barely made it as his mortality ended with his death at Castlethorpe where he was buried on 12 February 1821 aged ‘24’. This William was the couple’s second child born after the burial of William their firstborn who’d died at the mill house in 1795 when only 15 months’ old.

Episode three: page 6

The youngest of William and Susannah’s three sons, John, was baptised at Castlethorpe on 8th March 1799 and married there on 3rd February 1826, his bride being local girl Elizabeth Harris. According to the baptismal entries for his offspring John’s trade was that of miller so he was obviously working at the mill with his father. By December 1831 the couple had baptised three daughters: Catherine on 4th November 1827; Mary on 10th January 1830 and Elizabeth on 28th December 1831. On the very day that third daughter Elizabeth was being baptised her father was being buried! Only one month prior to his death his second daughter Mary had died and was buried on 17th November 1831. John’s wife Elizabeth must have been distraught as in the five years since her marriage in 1826 she’d given birth to three daughters, suffered the death of one and that of her husband as well. She may have lost another of her two surviving children, third daughter Elizabeth baptised on John's burial day in 1831, possibly sometime between that event and 1841 as her name does not appear in the family’s Census entry for that year nor any of the subsequent ten-yearly Census returns. Her absence tends to support my assumption that she did indeed die although there is no relevant burial entry for her in the Castlethorpe registers.

The 1851 Census for Castlethorpe lists miller John’s widow Elizabeth as ‘schoolmistress’ and their surviving daughter Catherine, as a ‘lacemaker’. Two years later Musson and Craven’s Directory, 1853 informs us that she was teaching a class of twenty-five pupils. Mother and daughter’s listings in subsequent ten-yearly Census’ paint a basic picture of their lives together. In the Census of 1861 Elizabeth’s age is given as 61 and Catherine’s as 33 and this time the latter is described as ‘assistant’ to her mother the ‘schoolmistress’ (see page 8 this episode for a transcript). The Census of 1871 has Elizabeth as ‘late school-mistress’ and Catherine as ‘lacemaker’ again. Ten years later still, in 1881, Elizabeth is listed as ‘school-mistress’ though this was probably a courtesy title as it is doubtful if she was in fact still teaching. She died on 11th October 1884 aged circa 84 sorely missed by her no doubt faithful and supportive 56-year old spinster daughter Catherine who lived on for another 24 years and died aged circa 80 on 6th April 1908. Both are buried at Castlethorpe.

William and Susannah Tooth’s son James, baptised 7th February 1802, married Jane Cowley at Castlethorpe on 1st July 1825. A butcher in the village with a leased shop he was following the same trade as that practised by our mutual ancestors the Panters. Castlethorpe Census return of 1841 lists James and Jane living in the village with one son and five daughters: Charles; Ann; Elizabeth; Mary; Jane and Catherine. But according to the Newport Pagnell Census return for 1851 (a town nearby), they were living and trading

Episode three: page 7

there at Abbey End. Only three daughters are listed at home: Elizabeth, 20, ‘straw-bonnet maker’; Mary 16, ‘dressmaker’ (who later married Wm. Martin Bromwich, a draper) and Jane 13, ‘scholar’ (at school). The Castlethorpe Census return for 1861 confirms that James and Jane had returned to their home village, with daughter Jane 22 and now a ‘dressmaker’ so the rest of the brood appear to have left home. Living-in with James and Jane were their grandchildren Charles Tooth-Jones, ‘butcher’, aged 15 and Harriett Tooth-Jones,‘scholar’ aged 9. They were the issue of James’s daughter Ann, who’d married Isaac Jones at Castlethorpe in 1845. Young Charles was almost certainly being taught the butcher trade in his grandfather James’ shop as the Census return of 1871 shows him aged 25 still in the shop, probably slaving away with the meat cleaver whilst his aunt Jane was perhaps dress-making for dear life. The pair were home-bred staff, ideal for whipcracking chastisement and both subservient to a fault perhaps. I visualise them now, working flat-out morning, noon and night in order to keep the oldies James and Jane, now circa 70 and 66 respectively, in back-parlour comforts.

The Tooth family home and shop in
South Street Castlethorpe
James Tooth the butcher died at Castlethorpe in 1879 aged ca.77 and was buried there on 23rd October. In the Census return of 1881 his widow Jane is described as ‘butcher’ but aged ca.76 was surely that in name only and must have employed a trained man. Spinster daughter Jane the dressmaker ca.41, was living with her. The Census return of 1891 lists a gaggle of folk living en masse at the house and shop making conditions somewhat cramped perhaps. Widow Jane died in 1888 so daughter Jane ca.52, is listed as ‘butcher and grocer’. Her nephew Charles Jones was back again as ‘journeyman butcher’ but now accompanied by his wife Ellen and their five children. But what’s this? Listed as a ‘lodger’ and ‘pillow-lace maker’ and now aged circa 63, is Catherine Tooth whose schoolmistress mother Elizabeth had died seven years earlier in 1884 leaving her only daughter alone in life. Catherine had obviously been offered a home by her first cousin, grocer Jane Tooth (their fathers were brothers… miller John Tooth and butcher James Tooth). Both women were the last of the Tooth dynasty in the village and as elderly spinsters their co-habiting was perhaps an ideal arrangement. Between 1894 and 1904 the Castlethorpe Churchwardens’ Account Books show payments being made to Jane Tooth, grocer, for oil for the church lamps. Catherine died at Castlethorpe in 1908 and was buried there on 6th April. Jane died there in 1925 and was buried on 9th January. By now, descendants of my five times great-grandparents John and Mary Tooth were living in Great Brickhill, Stoke Hammond, Newport Pagnell, Bletchley, Fenny Stratford, and Leighton Buzzard.

Episode three: page 8

Page House
Name & Surname
Relation to head
of family
Condition Age
Rank, Profession or Occupation
Where Born
Elizabeth Tooth Head
Schoolmistress Bucks Castle Thorpe
Catherine Do. Dau
Schoolmistress' assistant Bucks Castle Thorpe
(original document reference RG9/piece 875, folio 31, page 4, held at The National Archives, Kew)

Elizabeth & Catherine’s 1861Census listing

Episode three: page 9

Meanwhile, back at t’mill... the building was converted to a family home many years ago and normally one would never get to visit and see the inside regardless of what former close connection one's ancestors had had with the place. However, this time luck was on my side as for several years past the owners, Mr and Mrs Young, had been holding an annual open-day in aid of Multiple Sclerosis funds. The forthcoming event was announced in the local newspaper which is how it came to my notice and fortune favoured me yet again as only at the last minute did I happen to spot that the very last occasion that this event would be held was to be in July 1998. This would be the last opportunity I would have to visit the property so with camera akimbo I set off hotfoot for Castlethorpe Mill. Mr Young the owner was greeting everyone personally and when I queried whether or not the name Tooth meant anything to him he affirmed that it most certainly did. He was a retired builder who’d bought the property many years ago and it was obvious he’d used his practical experience to restore the mill sym-pathetically when converting it into a home. Some of the mill machinery from my grand-uncle William's time was still in situ and I was allowed to handle surviving artefacts which he had probably used. A marvellous opportunity to touch one’s past - literally!

Episode four:

Grandmother’s pre-Tooth hubby

The search for the parish register entry recording the marriage of John and Mary Tooth my five times great-grandparents was long and arduous. I had successfully researched the single line of Tooth descent in Castlethorpe and Hanslope back to 1721, the date of the baptism of what appeared to be John and Mary's youngest child. By 1729 they had produced another daughter and three sons. Of the multitude of documents I'd viewed since the research commenced not one had given any indication of Mary's maiden surname or John's origins or whereabouts prior to 1721. The record of their marriage is not entered in either the Castlethorpe or Hanslope registers and as my research was in the dear, dead days before the arrival of the unbiquitous computer and the internet and its genealogical facilities, I was forced to adopt the then practice of searching the registers of every parish within an ever-widening radius of Castlethorpe.

Embarking on this daunting task I was not to know it would be unsuccessful due to what I later realised can only have been a lack of diligence or lapse of concentration causing me to miss a vital entry. Neither could I have known that, as a result of a 'serendipity' find that emerged long after the search was over, I would commit myself to the whole process once again but this time meet with success by finding an 'alternative' record of marriage that proved to be the next best thing.

Having made a fruitless search of what seemed like half the parish registers of Buckinghamshire in the lengthy hunt for the marriage record of John and Mary Tooth I changed tack and switched my attention to investigating the prolific Panter family of Castlethorpe and Hanslope who, I surmised, might have a connection with my Tooth ancestors though I had no evidence to support my theory. The Panters seemed to have raised plenty of documents that had survived and so I played a hunch by viewing many of them and eventually struck gold.

I'd ordered up the voluminous original will of Charles Panter, a Castlethorpe lace merchant, baptised there in 1673. His testament was written on 7th April 1736 and as his burial took place eleven days later on the 18th his death was obviously expected. My joy knew no bounds when I read the text whereby Charles refers to... ’my sister Mary, wife of JohnTooth ’ and also ‘the children of my said sister Mary Tooth by her first husband Samuel Sherington ’!

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A codicil refers to ‘…my heir Hannah Sherington, spinster…’ whom I later confirmed was his niece aged ca.22 and the daughter of Samuel and Mary. Two years prior to Charles' death in 1734, his father Charles Panter - my six times great-grandfather - died aged ca.84. Charles junior was the sole executor of his father's will but the probate for it was not granted until 30th May 1736, two years later, by which time Charles junior himself was deceased and had been buried for over a month! As he was in no position to take up his executor duties the grant of probate was amended to record his untimely death and confirm the appointed substitute, Charles junior’s nephew, Richard Panter. This young relative was under 21 so probate was granted during his minority to a John Gooday, gentleman, of Bradwell, Bucks.

As lace merchants the two Charles Panters, father and son, would no doubt have purchased the output produced by the cottagers of Hanslope and Castlethorpe and surrounding area. The county of Buckinghamshire was renowned for its lacemaking and Hanslope lace was considered to be particularly fine. The record for Charles senior's marriage to the woman who became his wife, Elizabeth ?, is missing from the local registers so frustratingly her maiden or widow surname is unknown but it is hoped that the entry may well turn up elsewhere in the course of time. Charles and Elizabeth gave life to four sons and five daughters, the youngest destined to become my five times great-grandmother Mary Tooth (formerly Sherington, nee Panter). Actual birth dates are not usually given in early baptismal registers so calculating an individual’s correct age throughout their lifetime is impossible. However, in Mary’s case I was able to narrow down the date of her birth to within two months which becomes important when attempting to ascertain the number of issue she had by Samuel Sherington. On 24th January 1687, two months prior to Mary’s baptism, her parents Charles and Elizabeth had buried a child of the same name therefore Mary was probably born sometime during the two months following that event and her baptism on 29th March when she was so-named obviously in memory of her recently deceased sibling.

The revelation in Charles Panter junior’s will dictated a search for the record of the marriage of Mary Panter to Samuel Sherington but little did I know it would prove to be yet another of the missing variety. Inevitably I started with the Castlethorpe and Hanslope registers but lack of success dictated yet another trawl through the records of many other Buckinghamshire parishes. After putting-in much effort I eventually stumbled across not the marriage record for Mary Panter and Samuel Sherington as expected but that for John Tooth and Mary Sherington, Samuel’s widow! The event took place at Gayhurst, not far from Castlethorpe, and is recorded not in the original register which is missing but on a tattered Bishop’s Transcript sheet thus…

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16 February 1720 married John Tooth and Mary Sherington’. The script is almost illegible and part of the sheet's edge is disentigrated due to age and damp, partly corrupting John's forename, circumstances which made me feel somewhat more benevolent toward myself for having missed the entry when I viewed the page first time round years ago.

Mary's first husband yeoman Samuel Sherington, the son of Alexander Sherington, was baptised at Hanslope on 21st October 1677 and died at Castlethorpe where he was buried on 22nd September 1714 aged about 37. His marriage to Mary Panter is not recorded in the registers of either place or indeed those of any other local parish. Missing register entries may be due to an oversight by the minister as it was not uncommon for a cleric to perform a ceremony and then register the details later, a practice which could and often did give rise to errors and omissions. It is possible that the event occurred elsewhere in the country and it is hoped it may be located with further research.

While making the fruitless search of the Castlethorpe and Hanslope registers for Samuel and Mary's marriage record I took the opportunity to extract all entries relating to the Sherington family and amassed a gratifying number from which I produced a pedigree covering five generations, 1621 - 1737. As our descent is via Mary’s second marriage to John Tooth not her union with Samuel Sherington, we have no connection with his family through him. However, a bloodline with the Sheringtons is secured for us via the marriage of Anne Elliott and John Tooth at Castlethorpe in 1792. This John, a grandson of John and Mary Tooth whose marriage I'd been seeking, worked Castlethorpe Mill with his brother William Tooth, the tenant miller (see episode 3). Anne Elliott was a daughter of Priscilla Sherington-Elliott nee Sherington-Hambledine, a daughter of Mary Sherington who married John Hambledine. Their marriage is recorded in both the Castlethorpe and Hanslope registers as 2nd November but both give conflicting year dates…the former 1733, the latter 1732.

On my Sherington pedigree the name ‘Samuel’ occurs in four of its five generations. Mary Panter of course married the Samuel baptised in 1677 but as already explained the record of the event has still to be located. The arrival of likely issue, which I've attributed to the couple via baptismal entries in the Castlethorpe registers, poses a dilemma. A first child, baptised in1701 was buried in 1703. Others followed in 1703; 1706; 1708; 1709; 1711; and finally a Hannah in 1714 (the niece referred to in the will of Charles Panter junior). At the time of the 1701 baptism Samuel Sherington would have been about 24 years old while Mary Panter,

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born in 1687, would have been a child of only 14! The fact that the baptismal register entries give only Samuel's name and omits that of his wife is frustrating. Various local records indicate that there was no other Samuel Sherington in the area at that time who could have fathered the issue, which more or less confirms Samuel, baptised in 1677, as being the man who fulfilled that role. The baptism of 1703 would have seen Mary aged only 16 when a marriage and the birth would be a possiblity but doesn’t ‘feel’ right. By the time of the 1706 baptism she would have been about 19 when childbearing becomes more feasible so on the line pedigree I suggest an unsubstantiated marriage date of circa 1705.

With regard to the earlier baptisms of 1701 (Elizabeth) and 1703 (Mary) and possibly that of 1706 (Jane)… until other evidence surfaces, I can only assume that two or maybe all three of these children were Samuel’s issue by an earlier marriage. This would seem to be the most likely explanation as Samuel, being ten years older than Mary, was a prime candidate to have been married before. He was already aged about 24 in 1701 when the first child was baptised and if my assumption is correct then a first wife could have departed this life sometime after the 1703 baptism and prior to that of 1706 or perhaps 1708. But if that were indeed the case there is no entry in the local registers for either a marriage to or a burial of a first wife. It was the usual practice for a marriage to take place in the bride’s parish so that relatives and neighbours could see that everything was ‘legal and above board’. Also fairly common was for a person, prior to death, to express the wish that they be buried in their parish of birth. If Samuel did indeed have a first wife and both their marriage and her burial were recorded in registers that have survived, they may be found elsewhere.

In 1708 the authorities caught up with our Samuel which resulted in him appearing at the Aylesbury Quarter Sessions on 15th July. The charge reads: 'Indicted... Samuel Sherington of Castlethorpe for converting his house into two tenements... fined 3s. 4d.'. Perhaps he’d forgotten to apply for planning permission? By this time he must have married Mary Panter and if so perhaps she came with expensive tastes so in order to afford to indulge her occasionally he probably resorted to a little sub-letting to raise the necessary cash! Following this brush with the law in 1708, a further four children arrived on the scene starting with Elizabeth in that same year. Katherine came along in 1709; Priscilla in 1711 and Hannah in 1714 but again, the register entries for all these baptisms omit the mother’s name.

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The tower and spire of
Hanslope Church
said to be the finest in
North Buckinghamshire

Prior to 1621 the name 'Sherington' does not appear in either Castlethorpe or Hanslope registers or many other documents I’ve seen but there are instances of it in the records of Sherington, a village five miles away from the two parishes. In a book of pedigrees collected by the Heralds of the College of Arms during their 1566 Visitation of Buckinghamshire is one for 'Ardes of Sherington’ recording two lines of descent for the Ardes family. One is headed by…’William Sherington of Sherington in Co Bucks. Esq’. whose arms are described in heraldic terminology. Via the bloodline provided by my three times great-grandmother Anne Tooth (nee Elliott) it may be that we descend from this armigerous ancestor. A span of only 55 years separates the visitation pedigree of 1566 from mine starting in 1621 so a link may yet be established.

The ‘founding father’ at the top of my Sherington pedigree is nine times great-grandfather Samuel Sherington who married Anne Lingard at Hanslope on 18 January 1621. She was the widow of William Lingard, minister of the parish since at least 1605 the year in which he'd married her as nee Hillyer. They had two sons and five daughters. Minister William died in 1620 and was buried on 15th April after which Anne wasted no time in marrying Samuel Sherington as their wedding took place only nine months after her husband departed this life. As widow of a minister she probably felt she still had standards and a position to maintain which may account for the fact that following her marriage to Samuel exactly nine months elapsed before any issue appeared on the scene. Their firstborn were twins Samuel and Thomas jointly baptised on 8th October 1621 but both died and were buried at Hanslope three days later.

A name which appears often on the Sherington pedigree is that of ‘Alexander Sherington’. In the book ‘Sherington: Fiefs and Fields of a Buckinghamshire Village ’ (Cambridge University Press, 1965) is a tabular pedigree headed ‘Sherington of Filgrave & Leckhamstead ’ (the former place lies near Sherington village and the latter between Buckingham and Stony Stratford). It spans the period 1200-1300, the gap between the latter date and the 1621 start date of the Sherington pedigree being about 320 years. Yet despite this lengthy period of time the commanding name on both pedigrees which catches the eye is ‘Alexander Sherington’! The book relates that this family were responsible for founding the village bearing its name which still exists today.

Where was five times great-grandfather John Tooth prior to 1720? I speculate that he came from the Midlands, a yeoman farmer who may have been offered the chance of transferring to the Castlethorpe area or perhaps he purchased land there himself. For centuries, the cluster of

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towns and villages in the Midlands area bounded by Cannock, Stafford, Rugeley and Litchfield etc., has been home to the greatest concentration of families bearing the name Tooth. It is now accepted that our ancestors’ mobility was greater than we previously thought and obviously migration to other parts of the country did take place but a family would not just up-sticks on a whim and relocate miles away. Making a journey of any distance was difficult and dangerous and would not therefore be undertaken lightly or without good cause. A change of employment or landholding may have been why a move was considered.

If John did originate from that area his 70-80 mile journey down to Castlethorpe would have been relatively easy as the Watling Street – the M1 of the day – links the village with the Midlands area in general and Litchfield in particular. A brief foray into the local records of the relevant period in the hunt for John established a potential candidate or two but good, linking, documented evidence will be required which dictates a spell of diligent research at the Staffordshire County Records Office.

And finally...according to a standard and authoritative work on surnames, The Origin of Surnames ( P.H. Reaney, 1979):-


There is scarcely a single part of the visible human anatomy which has not at some time given rise to a nickname, descriptive, derisory or complimentary... the most common subject of comment being the head... Mouth and Tooth are undoubtedly nicknames.. these must have a reference to some physical peculiarity, a man with a big mouth or prominent teeth...'


Panter, and the fearsome-looking Panther, was the household officer who supplied the bread and had charge of the pantry’ Other sources are more specific and refer to ‘the Steward of the King’s Pantry’ or
the pantry steward of a monastery’
. Many Panter ancestors were butchers thus maintaining - albeit unwittingly perhaps - this catering tradition.

Episode five:

The Panters... getting in on the aristos' act?

Charles Panter (bap.1739), was the eldest of nine children born to debtor Richard Panter and his wife Anne (nee Tooth). The nine births all took place between 1739 and 1759 mostly at Cosgrove, a village one mile due south of Castlethorpe but just across the border in Northamptonshire. Charles married Elizabeth Swannell (bap.1743) at Castlethorpe on 25th August 1762 by licence which stated that she was nineteen and the daughter of ‘Joseph Swannell, gentleman of Stony Stratford, Bucks.’. Four months earlier Elizabeth’s sister Ann had married Charles Tooth of the ‘Manor’ House. He was a sibling of Anne Panter and therefore uncle to her son Charles Panter. With wealthy Joseph Swannell as a mutual father-in-law both Charles’ must surely have thought they were now set up for life. The complex relationships linking these people can best be illustrated with the simple pedigree chart below:

Charles and Elizabeth Panter’s offspring totalled 17 – seven sons and ten daughters - all born between 1763 and ca.1785. As Charles was a grandson of John and Mary Tooth the 17 were of course the couple’s great-grandchildren. Sadly though, 13 of the brood were to die either as babies or infants. Later, between 1793 and 1813, William Tooth the miller and his wife Susannah also produced a large brood, 9 sons and 6 daughters, and as he too was a grandson of John & Mary the 15 added to their ever-growing total of great-grandchildren. But the elderly couple were never to see most of these thirty-two children as both were deceased by 1765. But many of William and Susannah’s children were to suffer the same

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fate as those of Charles and Elizabeth Panter and died in infancy or as young adults. Sixty-seven years after the birth of William and Susannah’s last child in 1813, my maternal grandparents Henry George and Elizabeth Jane Tooth commenced their production line at Great Brickhill, Bucks. and between 1880-1907 achieved a total score of sixteen, nine sons and seven daughters... with four miscarriages along the way!

Now for the intriguing bit…thirteen of Charles and Elizabeth Panter’s seventeen children were each given only one forename at baptism while the remaining four received a second. Boy or girl the extra name given was Tyrell, thus…Thomas Tyrell Panter/Charles Tyrell Panter/ Mary Tyrell Panter /Frances Tyrell Panter. Why? Reference sources state that this practice was usual when a family member in an earlier generation had perhaps married into a family bearing the name being bestowed and this was a way of perpetuating the connection through later generations. This suggests we may be linked with the Tyrell family of Castle-thorpe but as usual further investigation will be needed to prove if this was indeed the case.

Episode six:

The Tooths had never had it so good

Several other episodes in this collection of highlights from part of my maternal family history refer to my four times great-grandfather Charles Tooth and family occupying part of Sir Thomas Tyrell's former home at Castlethorpe. It is in this episode that I relate the circumstances of Charles' tenancy of that historic property and in order that the reader may appreciate the significance of the building it is essential that I set Sir Thomas in a brief historical context.

Sir Thomas (1594 - 1672), was descended from Sir Walter Tyrell whose arrow is said to have accidentally killed King William Rufus whilst they were hunting in the New Forest. Sir Thomas was also descended from Sir James Tyrell, said to have been involved in the plot to kill the Princes in the Tower of which a great deal has been written using facts that are considered to be inconclusive. Trained in law, Sir Thomas was admitted a member of the Inner Temple in 1612, called to the Bar in 1621 and elected a Bencher in 1659 and at that time was M.P. for Aylesbury. He became a Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, was one of Cromwell’s Commissioners of the Great Seal of England and was also a Colonel of Horse in the Parliamentary Army. But in spite of this disloyalty to Charles I, at the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 it appears that he was forgiven by Charles II and duly appointed one of the Commissioners charged with the duty of trying the regicides who had ordered the death of the Charles 1st. in 1649. In view of Sir Thomas’ war service on the side that had opposed the monarchy the pardon that Charles II bestowed on him in 1660 was generous but even more so was the subsequent grant to him in 1663 of the manor and estate of Hanslope and Castlethorpe. Perhaps the King had a soft spot for the Tyrells.

Sir Thomas’ house at Castlethorpe, which had been built late 16th or early 17th century, is referred to in documents as either ‘The Manor House’ or ‘The Mansion House’. In 1672, only nine years after the King had granted him the Manor, Sir Thomas died aged 78 and was buried at Castlethorpe survived by three sons and two daughters. His second son Sir Peter, with his second wife Lady Ann, continued living in the house. She was of some distinction being the grand-daughter of Sir Walter Raleigh no less, daughter of his eldest son Carew.

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By kind permission of the Inner Temple (© Inner Temple)

Sir Thomas Tyrell of Castlethorpe, Bucks. 1594 - 1672, a judge of the Court of Common Pleas
(By John Michael Wright ca. 1617 - 1694)
This painting was one of twenty-two full-length portraits by John Michael Wright. They were commissioned by the City of London in recognition of the work undertaken by the judges appointed to assess property claims after the Great Fire of London hence the name, the 'Fire Judges', attributed to the collection. The paintings were completed in 1670 and hung in London's Guildhall until it was bombed in WWII. Two remain in the Guildhall Art Gallery, the rest having been destroyed or dispersed. The portrait of Sir Thomas now hangs in the Hall Gallery at the Inner Temple, London.

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Sir Walter was hanged in 1618 and I wonder if perhaps his spirit visited his grand-daughter and her family during their time under the very roof that, in years to come, would give shelter to our grandfather and his family. Bearing in mind the various official positions Sir Thomas Tyrell held and his association with the King, my imagination kicks in once again to consider if any great names may have graced the property with their presence prior to my ancestors’ time there.

Sir Peter's wife the Lady Anne died in 1708 and he too died only three years later in 1711. She had given birth to six daughters and one son (Sir Walter Raleigh's great grandchildren of course). The son Thomas, (bap.1669), succeeded to the title upon the death of his father after which he lived on in the house with his two daughters for only three years until his death in 1714. He joined his parents and the rest of the Tyrell family - not forgetting the Tooths, Panters and the rest of course - in Castlethorpe churchyard (see episode 2). Sometime after his death his daughters Christobella and Harriett moved elsewhere and later married.

Between 1724 and 1730 - under an Act of Parliament - the manor and estate were sold to pay the fortunes of the co-heiresses Christobella and Harriett. It was purchased by Sarah, Dowager Duchess of Marlborough and it was under the provisions of her will that the manor and estate were conveyed to her grandson John Spencer, Esquire of Althorpe, Northamptonshire and thus it eventually descended to the Spencer family. This explains how in later years grandfather Charles Tooth and also his son, my grand-uncle William Tooth the miller, came to be long-term tenants of one of the Earls Spencer, ancestors of the late Princess Diana.

At about the time the Tyrell house was being sold, Charles Tooth was born to my grand-parents John and Mary Tooth. He was baptised on 29th May 1726 and on 5th April 1762 married Ann Swannell at Castlethorpe, by licence. The surviving licence allegation document of 1762 records the ages given when the licence was applied for: Ann was 24 and Charles 32. But his baptism in 1726 meant that he was at least 36 years old! Charles himself would no doubt have obtained the licence and presented it directly to the minister at the ceremony so Ann, not having had sight of it, may always have thought that Charles was eight instead of twelve years her senior! Perhaps he looked young for his age and thought he could get away with it but it’s possible that with no birth certificate to serve as an aide memoire he had genuinely forgotten his age, a common failing at that time (Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths did not commence until July 1837).

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Reproduced by kind permission of English Heritage. NMR (ref: BB84/648)

The remaining part of Sir Thomas Tyrell’s House at Castlethorpe, Bucks.

Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, (1912) :- ‘Castle Yard: formerly a farmhouse, now tenements, 150 yards W. of the church, is of two storeys with a cellar; the walls are of stone; the roofs are tiled. It was built probably early in the 17th century on an L-shaped plan, the wings extending towards the S. and E.; the house has been repaired, additions have been built at the E. end of the E. wing and many of the windows have been blocked. On the S. front the S. wing is gabled and in the angle between the wings is a large projecting chimney stack of stone; two doorways have moulded frames and one of them has a door with nail-studded oak panels. At the back the south wing is gabled and has, on the first floor, a window of five lights with a frame, mullions and transom of moulded wood; another window has a moulded frame. Interior: on the ground floor the ceilings have chamfered beams and one doorway has a moulded frame. In the cellar is a doorway with stop-chamfered jambs and a square head of stone, possibly part of a former building of earlier date. On the first floor is a fireplace of stone with a flat four-centered arch under a square head. The roof-timbers are visible, the collar-beams having arched struts. Condition: not very good’.

Castle House in 2002 photo by kind permission of the owners.

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That my grandmother Ann Tooth should come to be residing at the ‘big house’ was only to be expected as, judging by her father’s will, she would then be living in the manner to which she was accustomed. By the standards of the day her parents Joseph and Mary Swannell were extremely wealthy. They had married at St. Mary Aldermary in the City of London on 3rd June 1730. Mary’s surname is given as Chaturn but other entries indicate that it was probably Chater or Carter and she was of St. Swithin’s parish while Joseph was of Newport Pagnell (research into their ancestry is in the queue). They are not shown on the line pedigree (appendix C) but as my five times great-grandparents they are of the same generation as John and Mary Tooth. The Swannell’s offspring were all born at Castlethorpe… two sons, William and Joseph (my grand-uncles) and four daughters, Ann (my grandmother) and Catherine, Frances and Elizabeth (my grand-aunts). As referred to in an earlier paragraph Ann married Charles Tooth on 5th April 1762. Four months later, on 25th August, her sister Elizabeth married Charles Panter. He was the son of Anne Panter (nee Tooth), sister of Charles Tooth and was therefore the latter’s nephew (see episode 5, page 1 for a helpful pedigree chart). Joseph Swannell’s will, written on 10th March 1774, describes him as a ‘gentleman of Stony Stratford, Bucks'. It was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 30th March 1775 and its content certainly confirms Joseph to have been wealthy as this summary indicates: to son William a house and outbuildings at Castlethorpe and £200; to son Joseph the present family home with garden at Castlethorpe and £200; to both sons the property situated in Cornhill, City of London (via other sources, No. 11) occupied by Richard Wells, stationer, in trust for the rents therefrom to be paid solely to Joseph’s widow Mary and at her decease, sold for best price in order to fund the cash legacies: £200 each to Catherine, Frances and Ann, £50 to grand-daughter Mary and the £200 each to William and Joseph. The wealth evident in this document is only part of the assets many of my ancestors seem to have accumulated during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries which, calculated at today’s rates, would surely amount to a considerable sum. My will sources total: eleven for Panter; three for Tooth; three PCC for Panter and two PCC for Swannell (for PCC explained see ‘Miscellanea’).

Of Charles and Ann Tooth’s six offspring four survived: John, baptised 1764, was buried in 1769; William, baptised 1768 (the miller, see episode 3); John, baptised 1770 was buried in 1772; John, baptised circa 1773, married Ann Elliott; Ann, baptised 1777 married Charles Rainbow and Mary (no baptismal record) married his brother William Rainbow. The Rainbow family owned property in the area and records appertaining to their holdings make up a deposit at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies referred to as ‘The Rainbow Estate’.

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It is not known exactly when Charles and Ann Tooth took over the tenancy of the remaining portion of Sir Thomas Tyrell’s house at Castlethorpe. Sometime prior to their occupancy part of the building had been demolished leaving an L-shaped portion standing. As yet no illustrations or engravings showing the building prior to alteration have come to light. However, the property has been written-up and photographed for many publications such as the ‘Royal Commission on Historical Monuments’ (1912) and ‘Buildings of England’ (Pevsner, 1994). A relevant quote has been selected to accompany the photo that appears on page four of this episode. The photo gives us an indication of what the original building must have looked like - probably a very substantial, rustic, country house of stone. Solid certainly but a classic Blenheim Palace or Woburn Abbey it could not have been. During and since my grandfather’s time there, the house has been known as Castle Yard and also Castle House, the reason being that it was built on the castle site 150 yards west of the church. Quotes from the book ‘The Tyrells of England’ (Brown, 1982) refer to the alterations that previous owners have made to this period property: ‘this old house has once again become a single private residence, but in the process has suffered considerably at the hands of those renovating and converting it for modern living’ and ‘the destruction and alterations of two and a half centuries… ground floor walls have been removed and doorways altered even to the extent of cutting through an old fireplace… bringing the roof space into use as rooms has involved the removal of the tie-beams’. However, various features from Sir Thomas’ day still remain and in spite of all its conversion faults it has attracted listed building status.

The first evidence confirming Charles and Ann’s tenancy is recorded by the document ‘Assignment of Chattels’ dated 7th November 1787 but they would certainly have been living there prior to that time. The document measures 24” wide by 19” and bears 57 densely-packed lines of readable script penned across its full width. Charles’ signature is excellent and his seal is affixed. He must have been going through a bad patch at that time as it appears he could not afford to pay his Land Tax or Poors’ Rate - perhaps farming had been disastrous that year. The document relates that Charles was supported by his brother John Tooth, his brother-in-law William Swannell and John Nicholls and that all parties had considered a private sale as being the best method for disposal of the goods.

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(Northamptonshire Record Office document ref: SOX589 (1)

Notes applicable to the Castlethorpe Enclosure 1794

Acreages are shown in the left-hand column and annual rents in the right.
This document proves that my grandfather Charles Tooth was tenant of the
Manor House and with his son William, joint tenant of Castlethorpe Mill

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Charles’ live and dead stock and possessions were appraised, valued and listed until the amount outstanding had been realised. His three supporters presented the agent with their Bond in the sum of 'three hundred and forty-six pounds, five shillings and twopence-halfpenny’ plus a further ‘fifty-four pounds and eleven shillings’ being a half-year’s rent due. As a formality Charles provided his three Bondsmen with a Bill of Sale but the bequests in his will of 1807 suggests that they did not actually remove the goods thus indicating that he managed to repay the loan which to all intents and purposes they’d made. The document’s value to us is priceless as it shows every stick of furniture, warming pan, pewter plate and brass candlestick in our grandfather’s home of 218 years ago! The list of stock, goods and chattels referred to (see pages 10 and 11 this episode) is quite an eye-opener and confirms the fact that this was no pauper or cottager but a man of substance and means even if he was in debt! After all, Charles was living in what was left of Sir Thomas Tyrell’s former home which, even in its altered state, was probably still of some prestige.

In the assignment document the household contents have been itemised room by room which is the same method as used to compile the copious inventory which is attached to the will of Dame Bridget Tyrell, Sir Thomas’ third wife. There may be no illustration in existence showing the house prior to alteration but the inventory of her possessions made when the property was whole is an excellent substitute, perhaps even more telling as its content affords a much better idea of the great size of the place. It lists all Dame Bridget’s household goods, furnishings, jewellery and paintings, etc., among the latter being portraits of the King and Queen. The inventory reveals that the original house had the benefit of five living rooms, fourteen bedrooms, eight service rooms and ten closets. A full transcript of Dame Bridget’s inventory will be found as appendix D.

Of Charles and Ann Tooth’s children mentioned earlier, two sons and two daughters survived and would have lived at the ‘big house’ until the time came for marriage and the move away. As described in episode 3, Charles and Ann’s eldest son William became Castlethorpe’s long-serving miller. He married in 1792 and in 1794 took over from his father the responsibility for the mill taxes and continued to work the mill with the help of his brother John, Charles and Ann’s second son. John it was who married Anne Elliott, also in 1792, and they became my grandparents in the generation after Charles and Ann. In 1793 Charles, with four others, acted as an official for the parish enclosure procedure taking place in that year. The next documented evidence we have for him is an Althorpe Estate rent book dated 1796 (see transcription on page 4, episode 3), showing him at

Episode Six: page 9

Castle House and Castle Farm where his total holding under the old enclosure was 29 acres, 1 rod, 39 perches. The details in the book were written-up from notes made by Earl Spencer’s agent which contain written confirmation that Charles is of ‘The Manor House’ (see page 7, this episode). The year 1797 was that in which Charles’ daughter Mary married William Rainbow when she would have been aged about twenty. Eleven months later, her sister Ann, not to be outdone in what was probably her twenty-first birthday year married William’s brother Charles Rainbow. Both events took place at Castlethorpe.

When grandparents Charles and Ann Tooth married in 1762 their marriage licence allegation document stated Ann’s age to be 24 and Charles’ as 32. But with his baptism having been in 1726 he was at least 36 years old and therefore 12 years her senior! She died in 1803 aged about 65 years old and may have gone to her rest still believing him to be the elder by only eight years. He lived on as a widower for four more years and died in 1807 aged about 81. The Castlethorpe registers record his burial on 28th February 1807 and describe him as a farmer as he was of course still Earl Spencer’s tenant at that time. Charles’ will was quite straightforward and to the point and bequests he made therein confirmed that his three assignment bondsmen of twenty years earlier his brother John Tooth, brother-in-law William Swannell and John Nicholls had not relieved him of his possessions. His children William, John, Ann and Mary were beneficiaries with Joseph Kitelee as executor.

Almost one hundred years later, in the latter part of the 19th century, Castle House was converted into tenements as can be seen in the period photograph on page 2 of this episode. The cottagers appear to be enjoying the latest village scandal while the young ones do their best to stay clean and behave for the cameraman. With a view to obtaining photographs of Castle House as it is today (2002) I sought permission of the owners who kindly agreed to my request and on the day of my visit they made me most welcome. After coffee I was given a tour of the house not forgetting the cellar where now hangs the original studded oak front door, a copy having been made and substituted. With iron handle still in place, it is now safe from the rigours of the weather. When in situ it would undoubtedly have been well-used by Sir Thomas Tyrell and his family not forgetting his notable daughter-in-law, the Lady Anne Tyrell (nee Raleigh) and in turn my grandparents Charles and Ann Tooth and their brood! By indulging in my own tactile communion with the two-hundred year old ancient relic I felt I had completed an ancestral circle.

Episode six: page 10

extracted from the ‘Assignment of Chattels’ document
dated 7th November 1787, relating to Yeoman Farmer
Charles Tooth of Castle Yard, Castlethorpe


1 roll 5 dozen hurdles
6 pigs 90 loads of wheat
5 cows 15 acres tillage land
2 carts 15 quarters of beans
1 hovel 10 quarters of barley
5 sheep 10 quarters of vetches
1 screen quantity of firewood
2 ladders rick of hay/cock of hay
3 ploughs 5 horses with geers (tack)
3 waggons 1 bushel & winnowing tackle
2 pair harrows rights/interest 16 acres stubble land


57 plates 11 pewter dishes
round tea table 6 rush-bottom chairs
1 fowling piece walnut-tree dining table
pestle & mortar 8-day clock in oak case
oak dining table 4 pair brass candlesticks
copper coffee pot roasting jack & lead weight
brass warming pan small stand, dresser & shelves

In the Kitchen:

3 chairs frying pan
tea kettle churn & frame
2 lanterns bushel measure
round table half-peck measure
2 meat spits flour scale & kiver
dripping pan fender & dog irons
dough trough large brass pottage pot
5 brass kettles bellows, shovel, tongs & poker

Yellow Bedchamber:

4 cane-back chairs night stool, day clock & case
1 cane-back elbow chair feather bed, bolster & pillows
pair walnut-tree drawers canopy sacking-bottom bedstead
1 mattress, quilt & blanket swing glass with mahogany frame

Episode six: page 11

The Man's Room:

Flock bed & bolster 4-post corded bedstead
Small corded bedstead cast-net spinning wheel
2 blankets/4 pair sheets mat-flock bed & bolster

Second Bedchamber:

large coffer 2 rugs & 3 blankets
hanging press cherry-tree tea table
deal clothes box pier glass & easy chair
small round table mat-flock bed & bolster
oak dressing table stump sacking-bottom bedstead
feather bed & bolster hair line stump-corded bedstead

In the Cellar:

drink thralls 1 iron-bound cask
3 small casks 1 pipe & 1 puncheon
18 glass bottles 2 iron-bound hogsheads
3 half-hogsheads 2 wood-bound hogsheads

In the Dairy:

2 cream tins 8 milk leads
2 milk buckets 1 salting lead

In the Brew House:

1 form 1 cream tin
1 spade ironing board
2 bowls 1 two-eared tub
1 shovel large thrall & balk
2 tressels 2 yokes with chains
1 iron bar 2 brass pottage pots
1 high tub small washing furnace
4 water pails hogshead copper & grate

In the Tub House:

Tressels 2 working tubs
1 milk hiver sundry hay forks
6 small tubs 10-bushel mash tub

(doc. held at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury, ref: D/RY/2/83.)

Episode six: page 12 THE 'MANOR' HOUSE quotes

The Gentleman’s Magazine (December 1799) : ‘ Castlethorpe…part of the large mansion-house where Judge Tyrill resided is still standing; but it has been despoiled of all its ancient grandeur, and is now converted into a farm-house´.

Buckinghamshire (Lipscomb 1847): ` The church is built on an eminence, within the precincts of the site of the ancient Castle, a little east-ward of the Keep, as appears from the height of the bank or mount still remaining close to the churchyard and near the old Mansion-House of the Tyrells, of which a small part is still standing’.

History of Buckinghamshire (Sheahan 1862): ` the site of the Castle of Hanslope (as it was called) is now partly occupied by the church. The old mansion-house of the Tyrells stood near the same spot, but the principal portion of it was taken down about the commencement of the present century’.

Victoria County History: Buckinghamshire (1905): ` the mansion-house occupied by Sir Peter Tyrell in 1703 adjoined the castle-yard but the greater part had been taken down and the remainder converted into a farm-house before 1799. This building, which is now called Castle Yard and has been converted into tenements, is mainly of early 17th century date. On the first floor of the gabled south wing is a five-light window with moulded wood mullions and transom’.

The Tyrells of England (Brown 1982) : `we have no plan or description of Sir Thomas’s manor house but some idea of its size can be obtained from the will of his widow, Dame Bridget, in which she itemises all the household stuff room by room’…the exterior of the building also shows signs of additions, alterations and removal of walls, so that even the ground plan is quite different from the original and although the modern Castle Yard is an attractive and spacious stone-built house with established walled gardens it is probably but a shadow of its former self when it was the home of “Sir Thomas Tyrell Kt., one of His Majesty’s Justices of His Court of Common Pleas”.

Listed Buildings of Buckinghamshire (Dept of Environment 1984):
Castle House …late 16th or early 17th century. Coursed rubble stone, old tile roof. Letter-L plan. 2 storeys. South west front has gabled projection to left hand with large stepped stone chimney in angle. Right hand wing has 3 irregular bays with raking stone buttress between right hand bays. Windows are 19th century casements and circa 1970 casements. 17th century door re-located to right of stack. Inside right-hand room has fireplace with 4-centred moulded arch and jambs. Chamfered cross beams in centre room. Cambered and chamfered main fireplace beam, but rear wall of stack opened up. 17th century door in cellar’.

Buildings of England (Pevsner 1994): `Castle House, w. of the church and the castle mound in North Street. A fine big late 16th or early 17th century farmhouse of stone with a big chimneystack in the angle of the L-plan. Unfortunate refenestration’ (re-arrangement of windows).

Episode seven:

The Panters who kept getting Court

The Panters of Castlethorpe and Hanslope may have been respectable and fairly well-off but it did not prevent them from falling foul of the law occasionally. Bucks. Quarter Sessions’ Case Books deposited at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies at Aylesbury reveal that between 1678 and 1725 our ‘miscreants’ appeared in court on nineteen separate occasions. The name ‘Quarter Sessions’ refers to the fact that the Court sessions took place at each quarter: Easter; Trinity; Michaelmas and Epiphany at various locations in each county. In order to avoid overkill with this episode I will relate only those cases I consider to be the most interesting and in order not to make hard going of it all will refer to the more significant relationships only.

People possessing land with an annual value of at least forty shillings qualified for jury service and this duty fell to some of our Panter ancestors. One such was Gilbert the butcher (bap. 1644), nephew of my grandparents Robert and Elizabeth Panter (see episode 1), and he is first from the list of Panter entries. His attendance was required as a juror at the Easter Session held at Aylesbury on the 22nd April 1680. The record states that he forfeited his recognizance bond of £10 due to non-appearance and that his sureties (guarantors), his brother William Panter, butcher and Hugh Renne, farmer, both of Hanslope, forfeit £5 each. Making journeys 325 years ago must have been fraught with difficulty and Gilbert would have needed an early start and a fast horse in order to cover the 20 miles or so between Hanslope and Aylesbury. But on that morning perhaps he fancied a lie-in and if he did it cost him dear!

At the Trinity Session held at Wendover on the 13th July 1693, William Panter, butcher of Hanslope and brother of the Gilbert mentioned above was, (with others), indicted for ‘trading as badgers without a licence.' Badgers was a term applied to corn dealers and

Episode seven: page 2

itinerant traders, also known as higglers or pedlars. They were required to comply with the law by obtaining a licence but to avoid the relevant fee many risked being caught trading without one. 'Badger' cases were innumerable and regularly feature in Quarter Session Records. According to those for the Trinity Session at Chesham, Bucks. on 18th July 1695, William Panter was at it again!

The Gilbert referred to earlier had a son also named Gilbert (bap.1667) who, at the Michaelmas Sessions held at Chepping Wycombe, Bucks. on 8th and 17th October 1702, snitched on a Hanslope neighbour, Joseph Parrett, informing the court that he had ‘spoken scandalously of Colonel Mountjoy Mortimer calling him a cheating rogue and a pitiful dogg’ [sic]. There is no indication as to what transpired after that little outburst.

At the Easter Session held at Aylesbury on 4th April 1706, ‘William Panter and Dorothy his wife (with others), were indicted for rescuing William Panter junior, butcher of Hanslope, from the custody of several bailiffs after he had been arrested at the suit of Thomas Creake’. Sounds like they Panters were a violent lot and certainly looked arter their own!

The Epiphany Session at Aylesbury on the 12th January 1710 recorded that …‘prisoner Francis Panter (and others) was supplied with one loaf a day at the price of tuppence a loaf’. Later that same year, at the Aylesbury Michaelmas Session on 5th October, Francis, having got his loaf and in spite of being in gaol wasn’t afraid to speak up for himself…’ Francis Panter complained that his loaf of bread was not the weight it should have been. The complaint was upheld and the bakers were discharged and others appointed’. Good for you, Francis! Still on the bread line…in the following year, the Epiphany Session at Aylesbury was on the 11th January and this time - referred to as felons in Aylesbury gaol - we have…’prisoners supplied with bread: John, Francis and William Panter’. Sounds as though most of the family were doing a stretch!

Moving on 13 years… this time the Session was at Buckingham on the 8th October 1724 and the Panters were getting tough: ‘Indictments…Christopher Panter, bargeman and Mary his wife, Mary and Hanna [sic] Panter, spinsters, with others and all described as of Wolverton, for riotous behaviour, forcibly entering the house of John Clarke and taking thence a turnspit jack, five pewter plates, a pewter dish, a brass skimmer and a firegrate and assaulting James Thornton. Bringing the prosecution: Elizabeth Clarke and James Thornton’. They obviously had a cart sale in mind for that little lot!

Episode seven: page 3

The Christopher and Mary Panter mentioned above had a son Christopher. He, his wife Sarah and their daughters Rhoda and Elizabeth, were the subjects of a Settlement Certificate dated 27th September 1761. The document allowed them to move home from the east side of Stony Stratford to the west side, these being two separate parishes. Under the Poor Law, any person intending to settle in a new parish had to produce a certificate signed by the Overseers of the parish from which they had come confirming that they were legal inhabitants of that former parish. Should a family or individual later become a charge on the new parish due to poverty or sickness, etc. then they could be returned to and would be accepted back by their parish of origin.

Episode eight:

Will Panter witnesses Widow Lane’s will

Sir Thomas Tyrell, a Chief Justice at Law and one of Cromwell's Commissioners of the Great Seal of England, married three times. His first wife Frances was the mother of all his children among them a daughter Elizabeth who married William Lane at Hanslope on 26th September 1646. She died in 1694 as a widow survived by her executrix daughter Frances.

My grand-uncle William Panter, along with two other people, witnessed Elizabeth Lane’s will written on 4th January 1685 and proved 9th May 1694. Acting as a witness in those days was perhaps a duty taken more seriously than it is today. Bearing in mind Elizabeth’s background and standing, her request that William perform this service meant that he must have been either a trusted acquaintance who was sufficiently in her confidence, or her friend.

It is intriguing to speculate on the nature of any relationship that may have existed between William Panter and Widow Elizabeth. He and his family were among the more well-off inhabitants of Castlethorpe, Hanslope and surrounding area. Collectively they would have formed the group with which Elizabeth and William Lane socialised and the latter’s brother Luke Lane had witnessed several documents on behalf of my ancestors many of whom left a will. These records are enlightening and give a good indication of the comfortable life style the Panters must have enjoyed. Many are described as 'gentleman' or 'yeoman farmer' (see footnote). They were also in trade as butchers, lace merchants, innholders, etc. so as candidates for entertaining they were at least worthy of consideration by Elizabeth and her husband. As long as the couple’s guests knew how to behave socially and which knife and fork to use and could also avoid making either a fool or a mess of themselves we must assume that Liz and Bill considered them acceptable company. At that time, although people were aware of their 'place' in the community, class was not as rigidly structured and enforced as in the Victorian and Edwardian periods when it was the norm to treat those above one with deference and those below with contempt.

Yeoman: 'person qualified, by possessing free land of forty shillings annual value, to serve on juries and vote for a Knight of the shire. Small landowner, farmer, person of middle-class engaged in agriculture'

Episode eight: page 2

Certainly it would have been possible for William Panter to have been Elizabeth’s friend as he was among the local crowd she and her husband would have known and had to mix with. Being the daughter of her father she may well have been introduced to some very notable people and may possibly have attended the royal court.

In the name of God Amen the fourth day of January in ye yeare of our Lord 1685 I Elizabeth Lane Widdoe being in good health and of perfect and disposinge memory blessed bee to God Doe make this my last will & testament in manner followinge. First I bequeath my soule to Almighty God beseechinge him for ye meritts of my Saviour Jesus Christ to receive ye same to his mercy And my body to ye earth to bee buried in such private & decent manner as my Executrix hereafter named shall thinke fitt. And as for that worldly estate which it hath pleased God to bestowe upon mee my funerall charges & just debts beinge first paied satisfied & discharged I doe hereby give & bequeath ye rest & residue thereof both reall & personall lands money plate jewells household stuffe & all other my goods & chattells whatsoever to my Executrix hereinafter named. It revoakinge all former & other wills I doe hereby constitute & make my daughter Frances Lane spinster whole & sole Executrix of this my last will & testament: In witnes whereof I have hereunto sett my hand & seal ye day & yeare first above written:

(original document held at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury, ref: D/A/Wf/56)

Transcription of the will of widow Elizabeth Lane, proved 9th May 1694

Witnesses: Mary Travell; Will Panter; Jo. Forby

Episode nine:

Digging for the Digby connection

The north Buckinghamshire villages mentioned throughout these family history episodes all lie within a short distance of Castlethorpe. This part of the country has played host to its share of historical events, none more infamous than the Gunpowder Plot which implicated the village of Gayhurst in general and its prestigious country house in particular.

Gayhurst House, 2½ miles north-east of Castlethorpe, was the setting where part of the drama was played-out. It was there that owner Sir Everard Digby not only entertained Guy Fawkes, the explosives man of the operation, but also contributed £1,500 toward the expenses of the venture (or misadventure as things turned out). As Sir Everard’s great house is close to Castlethorpe and Hanslope the subterfuge would have been going on almost under the very noses of our ancestors as they went about their daily routine. As we know the plan to blow up Parliament came close to fruition but was foiled. Sir Everard, minor part or not, was committed to the Tower in 1605 and in 1606 was taken to trial at Westminster where he pleaded guilty. Three days later he was hanged, drawn and quartered near St. Paul’s Church.

The earlier house at Gayhurst, begun in 1597 was, for a very short time, owned but not lived in by Sir Francis Drake who'd been given it by Queen Elizabeth on his return from the Indies. Gayhurst church lies within the grounds of and close by the present house. Our family’s link with the place was via my grandparents John and Mary Tooth whose marriage was to take place in the old church on 16th February 1720 just prior to its demolition. The new church was completed and consecrated in 1728 and ten years later, on 19th November 1738, it was chosen as the venue for the marriage of John and Mary’s daughter Anne Tooth to her cousin Richard Panter. She was my grand-aunt and Richard it was who, in 1764, became the insolvent debtor committed to Aylesbury Gaol (see episode 10).

Episode nine: page 2

On 16th April 1699 at Hanslope parish church, a Mary Digby married William Panter. There is a possibility that she was related to Sir Everard Digby’s family. Although ‘Mary’ is a very common forename, judging by the Digby family pedigrees it seems to have been one much favoured by them. Since this parish register entry came to light every available genealogical source appertaining to the period and the area was searched for individuals or families bearing the name Digby. The fewer instances of the name locally the more likely it is that Mary was indeed connected with the family in some way. My research covered the area surrounding Gayhurst taking in several villages and the fact that references to the name are as scarce as hens’ teeth leads me to be hopeful that the evidence confirming a link may yet be found …but don’t hold your breath!

I believe that Mary’s husband William Panter was the same William who witnessed the will of Elizabeth Lane, daughter of Sir Thomas Tyrell, (episode 8). If my assumption is correct William was certainly moving in the right circles for him to be considered suitable for marriage with a member - albeit minor perhaps - of another ‘up-market’ local family. Sir Everard’s eldest son, Sir Kenelm Digby imprisoned at Winchester for his loyalty to Charles 1st in 1642 and subsequently exiled - had five children one of whom, John, left a will dated 1673 (proved in 1690). In it he refers to daughter, Margaret Maria who married Sir John Conway, Kt. of Boddruddan, Flintshire so obviously this ‘Mary’ was not the one in the frame to marry our William! She was issue from John Digby’s second marriage to Margaret, daughter of Edward Longueville Esq. of Wolverton, (four miles from Hanslope and Castlethorpe) so John married a ‘local girl’! Wolverton was also home to members of William Panter’s family so he was certainly in the area during the Digbys’ time there. John Digby’s will states that he was ‘late of Hanslope’, William’s home village, which again suggests that he may have been known to John’s family. Perhaps he (John), was in the habit of entertaining Digby relatives from elsewhere and if this was so and William was invited he may have had the chance to become acquainted. A few years later manorial records relate that another William Panter and a James Digby were involved in a joint property and land venture. But the finding of the documentary evidence needed to actually prove our connection with the Digbys will require crossed fingers and a very large slice of luck!

Although the exterior of Gayhurst House remains unchanged the interior has been converted into several up-market apartments held via leasehold agreements. Tradition relates that the house still retains some ‘artful contrivances for the concealment of the parties to the Gunpowder Plot’. Quite a talking point for those owners whose apart-ments happen to contain these ‘facilities’.

Episode nine: page 3

Gayhurst House, Gayhurst, Bucks.

St Peter’s Church, Gayhurst in the grounds of Gayhurst House, completed 1728.
Anne Tooth,(daughter of my 5 times great grandparents John & Mary Tooth)
married debtor Richard Panter here on 19th November 1738

Episode ten:

Grandmother's nephew in Aylesbury gaol

My five times great-grandparents John Tooth and widow Mary Sherington, nee Panter, were married at Gayhurst parish church, Buckinghamshire on 16th February 1720. At that time she’d been a widow for six years and was a resident of Castlethorpe, her birthplace, which lies 2½ miles south-west of Gayhurst. Frustratingly, John Tooth’s origins still remain a mystery even after fifty years' research. This impasse on the Tooth line awaits resolution meanwhile progress continues via grandmother Mary’s bloodline ancestors the Panters. Following John and Mary’s marriage Gayhurst church was demolished and its replacement was not completed and consecrated until 1728. The resulting upheaval during that time may account for the fact that the original parish register containing the entry of their marriage in 1720 is missing. Fortunately the event is recorded in what are known as the Bishops’ Transcripts so continuity of descent has been maintained (see footnote).

Mary’s first husband was a Samuel Sherington by whom she had four, maybe six, daughters (see episode 4). By John Tooth she definitely had three sons and two daughters. Their firstborn, Anne Tooth baptised at Castlethorpe in 1721, was married on 19th November 1738 also at Gayhurst. The groom was her first cousin, Richard Panter (bap.1717), a farmer whom fate had decreed would later become an insolvent debtor. His father Richard Panter was a brother of Anne’s mother Mary thus making him Anne’s uncle. Richard senior’s sibling relationship to Mary also meant of course that Richard junior, Anne Tooth’s groom, was Mary’s nephew. To add to the confusion, by marrying Anne, Richard junior also became Mary’s son-in-law! (the pedigree chart on page 1, episode 5 should help clarify). Groom Richard, my grand-uncle by his marriage to Anne, is also my kin in his own right via our mutual ancestors the Panters.

Bishops’ Transcripts: are single sheets of parchment listing the entries from a parish’s registers for the previous year - in other words 'carbon copies'. They were sent by the parish Minister at each year-end to the Bishop of the Diocese in which the parish was situated. They are far from perfect and sheets for random years can be missing. Of those remaining many are tattered, torn or illegible but they are invaluable for confirmation of entries recorded in the registers or, hopefully, for replacing those contained in missing registers, as in John and Mary's case referred to above.

Episode ten: page 2

Anne Tooth had three brothers: John, Charles and Samuel and one sister, Jane. All five had been born between 1721 and 1729 which is consistent with their mother Mary (born 1687), being aged ca.33 in 1720 when, as a widow, she married John Tooth. Their second son Charles Tooth (bap.1726), married Ann Swannell (bap.1737), at Castlethorpe on 5th April 1762 by licence and they became my four times great grandparents in the generation after John and Mary. Ann’s father was wealthy Joseph Swannell, described on the marriage licence as a ‘gentleman of Stony Stratford’. He married Mary Chaturn (possibly Chater or Carter) at St. Mary Aldermary in the City of London on 3rd June 1730 (details relating to Joseph Swannell’s wealth appear in episode 6, page 5). As befitting the probable status of his daughter Ann therefore, it was no wonder that with husband Charles Tooth she eventually came to reside in the ‘Manor’ House formerly occupied by Sir Thomas Tyrell.

So it was my grand-aunt Anne Panter’s husband Richard who was thrown into Aylesbury gaol on 18th June 1764 as an insolvent debtor. Documents relating to his ‘crime' are deposited at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury. Photocopies of three have been allowed and I took a full transcript of another. The deposit comprises a Statement, a Petition, a Schedule and three separate editions of the London Gazette in which Richard's presence in gaol as a debtor was made public knowledge via successive announcements. The Schedule is the most interesting and informative. Measuring 16" wide by 24" it lists twenty-six names of those who owed Richard money including wealthy Panter and other relatives living in Castlethorpe and Hanslope most of whom, I note with some unease, were our ancestors. The place of abode for each person is given, the amount owed, the reason it came to be owed and the names of witnesses if any, to the debt. We do not know the full facts of course but it would appear that Richard was only in his debtor situation due to having twenty-six debtors of his own! Had they all paid-up in the first place he may perhaps have been spared the indignity and shame of a gaol sentence. He was allowed to retain, '…wearing apparel and bedding for himself and family, working tools and any necessary implements for his occupation and calling and these in the whole not exceeding the value of ten pounds’. A sad case indeed.

Episode ten: page 3

Transcript of Richard's entry from The London Gazette dated 15th June 1764

Note the use of the word 'Goal'.This is not a mispell of 'Gaol'
but the term used at that time for such places of confinement.



My maternal grandmother Elizabeth Jane Tooth, nee Sansom - 'Granny Tooth' as she was always referred to in the family – was born and baptised in 1861 at Launton, near Bicester in Oxfordshire. She died at Leighton Buzzard, Beds. in 1958 at the grand old age of 96. Her obituary in the Leighton Buzzard Observer named all family mourners (most now deceased) and also stated that she was survived by nine children (out of sixteen), thirty-nine grandchildren and forty-two great grandchildren! In addition to her sixteen successful births she suffered four miscarriages and all without the aid of our modern ‘essential’facilities: hospital, epidurals, oxygen - and family benefit!

Henry George Tooth and Elizabeth Jane (nee Sansom) circa 1880

Standing knee-high to the proverbial grasshopper, Gran was as tough as old boots and frightened us kids to death. She spent much time engaged in the production of home-made wine and was rather good at it. The supply of fruit needed for this was right on her very doorstep (well, growing outside her kitchen window actually) in the form of an elderberry tree so this handy source of ingredient was responsible for launching her wine-making activities. She lived in Mill Road and as we lived around the corner in Edward Street the top fence of her garden formed the side fence of ours needless to say we remodelled the fence to make a quick and convenient access.

Appendix A: page 2

My memories of Gran are of a time just after WWII when I was about ten years old. She was a diminutive little lady of severe, abrupt and impatient character so it was only to be expected that we of tender years would be terrified in her company. Visiting her meant sitting on the horsehair sofa, a downer to start with as the horsehairs attacked the exposed skin on the backs of one’s legs, pricking and irritating unmercifully bringing on a bad case of the fidgets that was never going to go unnoticed. Good behaviour was rewarded with one of Gran's favourite extra-strong peppermints.

I must relate the bit that Gran did for the war effort but under duress from the Billeting Officer. She took in three evacuees from London but as befits co-habiting with a lady in her eighties these arrivals were not the usual be-labelled infants but three old souls of Gran’s age group. There was widow Mrs Osborne of the cackling laugh, loud voice and few teeth; spinster Rose Ponter, a gentle old girl of quiet and unassuming nature with rosy cheeks, a nice smile and a cheery ‘helloeee’ for everyone; and Alex Johnston – an artist I seem to remember, crowned with a shock of white hair. The two old dears always wore ankle-length dresses or skirts as did Gran so whenever in their aged company one felt so much part of the past. At first she must have regarded the trio as interlopers in her home and knowing of her short temper I dread to think what life must have been like for them. Perhaps there were times when the three conspired together with the intention of effecting a Colditz-style escape in the hope of returning to London in order to take their chance once again with Hitler. But that’s being unkind to dear old Gran especially as, after the war, their cohabitation continued with some degree of tolerance all round. What a pity that my passion for family history only started after Gran’s death because now, as an adult, I would relish the opportunity to speak with that aged lady whose memories would provide such an informative and interesting link with the past.

The search thus far for Gran’s Sansom forbears has taken-in the counties of Beds., Oxon. and Northants. Work on the line ceased about twenty years ago but recommenced recently and has proved to be very promising. The Sansoms were also of yeoman stock which bodes well and their land and property transactions are recorded in the Launton Manorial Court Rolls and other records. Their wills too give an indication of a fair degree of wealth. Launton, one mile from Bicester, developed around a small crossroads in its centre on one corner of which sits a large detached period property called Greyhound House for which the Oxfordshire County Records Office holds a collection of mortgages, deeds and other documents 1772-1844, which record the Sansom’s tenancy there.

Appendix A: page 3

As an indication of the diverse range of sources one finds along a research trail the following is a good example. Phoebe Sansom nee Jones (bap.1795), was Granny Tooth’s paternal grandmother and thus one of my eight great great grandmothers. One morning in November 1848 she was found drowned in a ditch near Launton and the sad event is recorded in the local newspaper. The article includes the Coroner’s inquest report and also relates the scene in detail including a description of Phoebe and her manner of dress and lists the items she was carrying at the time. Such personal details, describing an ancestor for whom no photograph could ever exist, help add substance to the basic information with which a researcher usually has to make do. The Coroner’s verdict was ‘accidental death’.

Then there was the case of Thomas Sansom, Phoebe’s brother-in-law and licensee of the Fox & Hounds Public House. He was fined at the Bicester Brewster Sessions in 1881 for allowing drink to be sold out of hours by a Silas Heritage, son of Thomas' housekeeper Mary Heritage. Silas apparently was ‘minding the pub’ while Thomas and Mary were away ‘haymaking’ …tut! tut! With all this scandal going on it was no wonder that Gran Elizabeth Jane and her three sisters, my grand-aunts, Harriett, Miriam and Charlotte, all high-tailed it to Leighton Buzzard at express speed in order no doubt to escape the nudge, nudge, wink, wink to which they were probably subjected by their neighbours!

Grand-aunt Harriett Sansom married gardener Thomas Pratt at All Saints Church, Leighton Buzzard in 1867. They lived in Vandyke Road and later Bedford Street (I was born in a Victorian terraced cottage in this same street) and in later life widow Harriett was resident at the Wilkes almshouses in North Street. In 1896 grand-aunt Miriam Sansom also wed at All Saints, the groom being Frederick James Parsons, a railway signalman of Bedford Street. They set up home in Springfield Road, Linslade. Grand-aunt Charlotte Sansom - with the accent on the grand - became housekeeper to the equivalent of the town Mayor, Chairman of the District Council, William Sharp Page. By his will (a copy of which I have) he gave Page’s Park and Page’s Almshouses to the community. I never met grand-aunt Charlotte as she died prior to my birth but when I visualise her I see a tiny figure dressed in black, wicker basket akimbo, striding down the High Street as if she owned the place, shopping for her gentleman. Following Mr. Page’s death Charlotte, a spinster aged 51, married his cousin widower John Drage, a baker of Hockliffe Street and Parish Clerk at All Saints Church. They lived at No.49 Hockliffe Road named - according to the arched keystone over the front porch - ‘Strathallan’. The house still stands today, one of a pair situated either side of a graceful archway leading to the rear of the premises. I well remember my Mother recounting to me a visit that she and her sister Mary made to this lady their aunt who, in answer to their doorknock, appeared and haughtily instructed

Appendix A: page 4

The Tooth Sisters… three of nine and each one a knockout!

Margaret Celia
(m. Wheeler)
('Kinchaser's' mother)
Mary Ann
(m. 1Dawson; m. 2.Capp)

them to “use the tradesmens’ entrance at the side”. Whatever errand they'd been sent there on by Gran they were soon sent packing though not before Charlotte made them remove and take away all the fallen and half-rotten apples laying on her lawn. Memories of Mum’s sister Aunt Margaret, our cousin Jim Wheeler’s mother, are from the war years when she would come down from London to visit her mother Gran and then pop-in to see us lot who lived over the fence. She always brought my sister Eve a present, usually a doll and surely the biggest we’d ever seen. As Jim was her only child she was perhaps enjoying buying something feminine for the daughter she never had.

Grand-aunt Charlotte Sansom the housekeeper died in 1936 and the grant of probate in respect of her will states that her effects amounted to £338.2s.1d., all of which she left to Mr Page’s nephew, William Sharp Page Towers of Pimlico, London. Being kind to her, I suppose she felt obliged to do this as according to her obituary in the Leighton Buzzard Observer dated 28 July 1936, she ‘benefitted substantially under W.S. Page’s will’. My copy of that document shows that Charlotte’s name appears often and she actually received an annuity of £120 for life, a legacy of £100 to buy furniture and £10 to buy mourning clothes. However, if she terminated her employment with Mr. Page prior to his death she was to receive a one-off legacy of £250. He died in 1899 and in view of monetary values at that time his bequests to Charlotte could be considered generous. After Mr. Page’s death Charlotte married his cousin John Drage in 1908. They lived at 49, Hockliffe Road until their demise; John in 1912 and Charlotte in 1936. John was buried in Vandyke Road cemetery in the grave occupied by his first wife Sarah Ann and when Charlotte joined them there in 1936 the ‘menage a trois’ was complete. The ex - Parish Clerk and his ladies now lie together under a granite memorial that has a graduated stepped base surmounted by a tall cross with engraving in good readable condition.

Appendix A: page 5

The earliest Sansoms known to me through my research are my ten times great grand-parents Edmund and Jane. He was buried at Spelsbury, Oxfordshire on 29th December 1599 and left a will proved in 1600. So the Sansoms hold promise and look a very interesting lot – I’m looking forward researching them further.


Since 1858 the granting of probate has been a civil matter handled by Probate Registries in London and elsewhere. Prior to 1858 it was granted by ecclesiastical courts. Generally, in cases where a testator’s property lay within one archdeaconry their will was proved by the relevant Archdeaconry Court which, in the case of my Panter and Tooth wills, was the Archdeaconry Court of Bucks. Where testators had property in two different ecclesiastical districts probate was granted in one of two special courts… the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (PCC) or the Prerogative Court of York (PCY), the former being the senior court. Put simply…York dealt with probate for testators in the northern half of the country and Canterbury for those in the south. Probate for testators who died while at sea or in foreign parts and were not therefore in an ecclesiastical district, was also dealt with in either of these special courts. A PCC or PCY will may indicate that the testator was of some substance and in respect of my two Panter and three Swannell PCC wills this was indeed the case.


With regard to the sons of England’s yeomen and their chosen calling in life social history tells us that some went ‘up’ into the professions: doctors, lawyers, clergy, etc. having spent time at a university, and others ‘down’ into the basic trades: carpenters, wheelwrights, blacksmiths, masons, etc. My great great grandfather Samuel Tooth (bap.1793), son of yeoman John Tooth of Castlethorpe, relinquished the land worked by his father, became a master-carpenter and moved a few miles south to settle in Great Brickhill, Bucks. where he spent the remainder of his life working on the estate of the Lord of the Manor, Sir Philip Duncombe Pauncefort Duncombe. Note on the line pedigree (appendix C) Samuel Tooth senior as referred to above and his son Samuel (born 1837), also a master-carpenter… they and examples of their skilled workmanship are highly spoken of in the book Great Brickhill in the Mid-1800’s (Michael Warth, 1988). This publication also includes references to the Tooths’ successful business, and their cottages and workshop. Other members of the Tooth family are mentioned including my maternal grandfather Henry George of Leighton Buzzard, shown in an 1861 Census entry aged a year old and living in the village with his parents Samuel and Sarah. Sadly, I never knew H.G. as he died in 1921. His wife Elizabeth Jane - Granny Tooth - outlived her husband by 37 years and died in 1958. The Tooth family of Great Brickhill are well documented in the Duncombe estate deeds and papers which include the estate surveys of 1858 and 1863 in which their various cottage homes are listed with details of each property’s state of repair.

Appendix A: page 6


Now here’s an interesting snippet… in 1667 an Act was passed to promote the wool trade. It stated that every deceased person was to be interred wearing a shroud made from sheep wool! An entry for a William Northern [sic] that appears in the Burton Latimer, Northants parish register reads thus: ‘10th March 1743 buried William Northern, tailor. According to the oath of Mary Bayley buried in woollen only’. If not a relative Mary may have been the layer-out. The person organising the burial had to present the minister with an affidavit sworn before a Justice of the Peace to the effect that the deceased was being buried in a woollen shroud. Whilst the deceased was probably not bothered one way or the other, this demand did not find favour with anyone so in 1679 the Act was more strictly enforced with fines for offenders. The practice was difficult to administer and therefore mostly ignored and was so unpopular even with the clergy that it petered-out and in 1814 the Act was repealed. Now, notta lotta people know that!


In late 1641 rebellion broke out in Ireland when thousands of Protestant men, women and children were murdered and others fled to England and Wales. A substantial army was to be sent to deal with the situation and for once the King and Parliament were in agreement so in 1642 an Act was passed to raise £400,000 from the nation via parish collections, to be used - supposedly - for the relief of Protestant refugees. The surviving returns of contributors are held at The National Archives, Kew. Our Castlethorpe and Hanslope ancestors contributed: grandfather Robert Panter and brother Gilbert both paid 6d.; a grand-uncle William Panter, 5s.0d; his son William, 1s.0d. Sir Thomas Tyrell - as one would expect - contributed £10. As my five times great-grandfather John Tooth did not arrive in the area until ca.1720 the name ’Tooth’ does not appear in the lists.

Appendix A: page 7

On my regular visits to The National Archives at Kew I devote a little time to an ongoing search of records known as the Calendars of State Papers Domestic 1509 - 1750. These are letters and papers relating to the government of the country which form a large collection, thankfully indexed. I restrict the search by using only a few selected names and place-names. An interesting find worth quoting is a report made during the Civil War period (1642-9) relating an event which could literally have brought the war to the very doorsteps of our ancestors:

‘5th January 1645, Newport Pagnell, seven at night.
Col. Charles Doyley, Governor of Newport Pagnell to Major Ennis…

the King draws near…I understand a great party of the enemy are
drawn out this way and have threatened Hanslop and Thrupp
Castlethrupp/Castlethorpe). I would have you draw thither with
your troop to join Lieutenant Adams and use your utmost
endeavours for the security of those places. Give notice hereof
to Colonel Whalley and where we expect the enemy this night’

Newport Pagnell was garrisoned by Parliamentary forces which accounts for the King’s troops being described as ‘the enemy’. Incidentally, certain correspondence by Oliver Cromwell states that his son Oliver died of the smallpox while in the town. Another notable garrison soldier was John Bunyan of Bedford, author of ‘Pilgrim’s Progress’. We appreciate that our country’s historical events actually did take place but that fact is never more forcefully brought home to us than when they form the backdrop to the lives of our ancestors, as in the report above, brought to light and to life by family history research. As another example… probably every genealogist would wish to have an ancestor who fought at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. My three times great-grandfather John King almost made it. He was the grandfather of Sarah King of Stoke Hammond, Bucks., second wife of Samuel Tooth of Great Brickhill. John enlisted in the First Regiment of Foot, Grenadier Guards at Oxford in 1796 and went on to serve a full 21- year engagement. My link with him is... via my maternal grandfather Henry George Tooth; his mother Sarah Tooth (nee King); her father Edmund King, son of soldier John. On 23rd July 1806, while stationed at the barracks in Ottery-St.-Mary, Devon, he married Unity Barrett of nearby Salcombe Regis. They produced three sons and four daughters all born at Steeple Claydon, Bucks. John’s discharge papers of 1818 state that in 1814 he was stationed in Holland where he contracted rheumatism (why that country should be blamed for causing an affliction that could affect anyone, anywhere, at anytime, is a mystery). His discharge papers put John almost in the right place for Waterloo but his timing is one year out. The Waterloo Medal Book at TNA Kew records the corps, regiments and personal names of all those taking part in the battle. The Grenadiers are listed but John is not. He died as Parish Clerk of Steeple Claydon on 18 December 1860 aged 78.

Appendix A: page 8


the items below relate just a few of the fascinating research finds recorded in my files. The foregoing episodes all dealt with maternal families but the following items, except the first two, are extracted from data acquired during research into my paternal ancestry

[Maternal]: Bastardy Examination Document 1712

Matthew Cherry [bap.1690], Lace Merchant of Bletchley, brother of my six times great-grandfather John Cherry [ca.1678-1764], was the subject of a Bastardy Examination in which Elizabeth Bazely, a local spinster, claimed she was pregnant by him. The child, Martha, was baptised 22 June 1712. To ensure that a putative father paid for the upkeep of the child the Overseers would made every attempt to establish his name by verbally examining the Mother before a Quarter Sessions Court, a JP or the Overseers the written record of which may survive today. In Matthew’s case the Quarter Sessions Court sitting at Aylesbury on 17th July 1712 recorded that he refused to pay maintenance so a warrant was issued for his arrest! No doubt the system then was the precursor of today’s Child Support Agency!

[Maternal]: The Reverend Arthur William Sansom, [1887-1973]

This benign and distinguished-looking gentleman, easily taken for a banker,politician or aristocrat, was a great grandson of John and Hannah Sansom of Launton, Oxfordshire, my three times great grandparents. The Revd. and my maternal grandmother Elizabeth Jane Tooth (nee Sansom) were second cousins. Born at Launton in 1887 Reverend Arthur trained and qualified as a Baptist minister at Oxford and then served periods at Stantonbury, Bucks; Kettering, Northants.; Basingstoke, Hants. and Worcester. He married lily Tompkins in 1911 and in 1951 they retired to Cradley village Worcestershire where in 1961 they celebrated their Golden Wedding. Lily passed away three years later and Arthur died in 1973 survived by their only daughter Hilda.

[Paternal]: Joseph & Sarah Northern Settlement Case, 1817

My three times great grandfather, Joseph Northern [ca.1768-1828] was born in Kettering, Northants. and in later life moved to London where at St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea on 30th June 1799 he marrried Sarah Taylor. They produced three daughters: Mary, Elizabeth and Ann and one son, my great great grandfather William.

Appendix A: page 9

By 1816 the family seem to have become a charge on St. Marylebone Parish and the Overseers there, instead of returning them to their previous home parish in London, sent them to Kettering which, due to his having been born there, was Joseph’s legal parish of settlement anyway. The length of time that he’d lived away from the parish was immaterial, a residency condition of which the Kettering Overseers seemed to have overlooked. In their ignorance they refused to accept the family and foolishly instigated court proceedings to have them returned to the parish of St. Marylebone. The case was heard in January 1817 by the Middlesex Justices at their Sessions House at Clerkenwell (which still stands today). Kettering’s Overseers were the Appellants and St. Marylebone’s the Respondents. The documents state that the former ‘felt aggrieved’ at the family’s return and requested the Justices to find in their favour by ordering St. Marylebone Parish to take back the family but Kettering lost the day… and won the Northerns!

[Paternal]: Great Great Grandmother’s death from burns, 1883

The William Northern referred to in the item above was baptised at St. George’s Church, Hanover Square, London on 10 January 1808. At Kettering, Northants. parish church on 21st September 1834 he married Ann Smith, [bap 1815-1883]. They were my great great grandparents in the direct male line. Their firstborn, Joseph [1835], died at nine months old. Next came Sarah [1838], then Emma [1841] and finally Joseph George [1843], my great grandfather. William died at 9 York Square, Leicester on 6th April 1868 from ‘apoplexy and paralysis’, (heart attack and stroke). Grandmother Ann Northern's second marriage took place at St. Martin’s Church, Leicester on 26th October 1874 the groom being Thomas Patrick Bartlem, a widower of about 51 years old. Grandmother Ann Bartlem’s death certificate (1883) revealed that there had been an inquest into her death and while those particular records have not survived local newspaper reports proved to be a mine of information. Nine years after Thomas and Ann’s marriage she suffered a terrible accident. At the time the couple were living in Desborough, a village on the outskirts of Leicester. On 6th December 1883 Thomas had left for work leaving Ann alone in the house. She tripped over the hem of her dress and fell onto the fire setting herself alight. Her screams brought the neighbours rushing to her aid but in view of the limited medical knowledge and facilities at that time it is doubtful if they would have been of any practical help. One wonders how long she waited for a doctor or if one ever came at all. She then had to endure the journey to Leicester Infirmary probably in a basic conveyance over roads hardly worthy of the name. Grandmother lingered in the Infirmary for seventeen days until 23rd December when she died from ‘burns and exhaustion’ - surely a merciful release.

Appendix A: page 10

[Paternal]: Middx. Sessions: Case of Indecent Exposure, 1829

Elizabeth Cline was the 12 year old sister of my great great grandfather Charles Cline [ca.1814-1868] and was therefore my great great grand-aunt. She and her family were living at 8, Abbey Place, Bethnal Green Road in March 1829 when, according to a detailed statement she made to the Middlesex Justices at their Sessions in April, she was subjected to a very unpleasant experience. Her mother Temperance Cline (my three times great-grandmother), had sent her to the local pawn shop with a silk handkerchief to pawn for cash. When the shop had cleared of customers the assistant, a William Worley, exposed himself to Elizabeth. He made no requests of her, used no force and no physical contact took place. According to her statement, she appears to have remained calm and having suitably reprimanded him left the shop and hurried home. It is to Elizabeth’s credit that she seems to have dealt with the unpleasant situation in a manner that belied her years. Frightened to reveal this event to her mother she confided in her young friend Amy Cotton who lived next door. Amy then told her mother Mrs Cotton who in turn advised Elizabeth’s mother of the incident. Temperance immediately contacted the police and also made and signed a statement as did young Amy and her mother. I have copies of the documents relating to the case - The King v William Worley - but so far I've been unable to locate the record detailing the sentence passed on the accused.

[Paternal]: 'Queenie’ and ‘Audrey’ – theatrical ancestors!

When these two thespians first came to my notice I wondered why my Father had made no mention of them especially as the familial relationship between all three was fairly close as were their childhood homes in Leytonstone, Essex.

'Queenie'; Emily Brown (nee Northan)

Born in St.Pancras ca.1887, Emily was the daughter of my great grandparentsJoseph George and Caroline Union Northan. She was Dad's aunt and my grand-aunt. Queenie Luck’ was the none-too-original stage name she chose for herself when she toured in musical comedy shows through-out the country. She must have met her future husband as one of those expectant hopefuls known as ‘Stage Door Johnnies’ as he was a Captain in the R.A.S.C. thus some-what ‘up-market’ I surmise! Toby (Ernest Charles) Brown, aged 34, married Emily at Brentwood, Essex in 1919.Their marriage certificate states that she was an ‘actress’ aged 25 (she was actually about 32). The two witnesses were RASC officers - a Major and a Lieutenant. Toby and Emily had one child, Valerie Joy Northan-Brown [1925-2004] who, after her marriage in 1956, moved to the States. I heard only recently that she’d passed away. During Toby’s army service in WW1 he was mentioned in dispatches for his bravery in fighting the fires that resulted after the German bombing of Constantinople. Between the first and second world wars he trans-ferred to the RAF and in the latter conflict served as a Squadron Leader in the north of England in charge of a bomb-disposal unit and later in India as a Liaison Officer. Emily died of stomach cancer at 212, Sussex Gardens, London, W2 in 1951. Toby’s death details are being researched.

Appendix A: page 11

'Audrey'; Sophia Clara Whichello (formerly Dunkley nee Ball)

Sophia [1906-1993], was a daughter of Harriett Sophia and John Thomas Ball. Her mother Harriett was a daughter of Julia and Charles Hawkes and Julia, (nee Northan), was a daughter of my great grandparents Joseph George and Caroline Union Northan. Sophia Clara was my second cousin though I never met her. She described herself as a singer/dancer/soubrette and used the stage-name ‘Audrey’. At Lambeth register office on 8th December 1928 she married John Douglas Dunkley, a 31 year-old ‘actor’ of 27 Brook Street, Kennington. Their marriage certificate states that she was 22 and an ‘actress’ resident at 68 Cathall Road, Leytonstone (my Father was born at No. 2 and also lived at No. 99). But thespian marriages always seem prone to self-destruct early-on and ‘Audrey’s’ was no exception. After only six years the couple agreed to go their separate ways - exiting stage right and left no doubt - and on 14th December 1934 ‘Audrey’ filed for divorce. The case file, deposited at The National Archives, Kew, is complete and I have a photocopy of all eleven A3-sized pages which make for very interesting reading. John Douglas Dunkley had ‘lived, co-habited and habitually committed adultery with one Frieda Hearn at 31 Lancaster Road, Hampstead, London, NW3’. The marriage was dissolved by Sir George Langton at the Royal Courts of Justice on 13th January 1936. Six years later, on 19th September 1942, ‘Audrey’ married again but this time chose a man with his feet firmly on the ground and head out of the clouds – Alfred Joseph Whichello, an Insurance Claims Manager.

Appendix A: page 12

[Paternal]: Sapper Albert Northan, Soldier of the King

I never knew whether Dad’s father Albert Northan [1875-1961] had served in WW1 so I checked the surviving War Office files held at The National Archives, Kew. Other Ranks’ service records form two Series: ‘Burnt’ and ‘Unburnt’, the former so-named due to sustaining bomb damage in WW2.The ‘Burnt’ Series are the files of approximately 2 million men who were either killed in action, died of wounds, were prisoners of war or survived. The ‘Unburnt’ files relate to 750,000 men discharged through sickness or wounds. Luck dictates whether or not a service record survives so to find not only Albert’s but also his son Albert Samuel’s was a double bonus. Albert senior’s file contains six various forms, some damaged, stating that he was 41 and a bricklayer of 99 Cathall Rd., Leytonstone. Further down the attestation page under the heading ‘Exemption from Combatant Service on Conscientious Grounds’ was written 'he refused to fight, conscientious objector’! So his bricklaying skills got him off the combatant hook and were utilised by the Royal Engineers. If ever confronted by the enemy, I suspect his congenital surly manner coupled with an aggressive panache when wielding his trowel would probably have frightened them to death! Also recorded are details of Albert’s marriage to Alice(nee Smith) and the names and birthdates of some of their children (including Dad’s). Albert was discharged on 17th February 1919 with a 30% disability listed as ‘D.A.H. aggravated’(armyspeak for 'deaf and hard' of hearing, as I seem to remember from my days doing National Service). I certainly remember him being partly deaf for which his army pension was 8/3d (43p) per week.

The file for his son Albert Samuel Northan [1899-1969], also gives 99 Cathall Road as his home address. He enlisted in the 24th Recruit Distribution Battalion Training Reserve on 2nd October 1918 aged 18 years 10 months. At Hastings on 16th January 1919 he received 3 days CB (Confined to Barracks) for ‘having a dirty rifle in the billet’ and ‘disobedience of Battn. Rules i.e. having bread rations in Billet’. Six days later he received another 3 days CB for ‘being absent off the 17.30 Parade thereby causing another man to do his fatigues’. He died from bladder cancer at Trowbridge Hospital, Wiltshire on 8th September 1969.

Appendix A: page 13 Sources

Main Genealogical:

PCC Wills
Census Returns
Parish Registers
Poor Law Records
International Genealogical Index
Archdeaconry Court of Bucks. Wills
Archdeaconry Court of Bucks. Marriage Licences


Divorce Records
Bucks. Electoral Registers
Jackson’s Oxford Journal 1848
Althorpe, Northants. Estate Papers
Castlethorpe Enclosure Award 1793
Lipscomb’s Buckinghamshire (1847)
Launton, Oxon. Manorial Court Rolls
Bucks. Contributions for Ireland 1642
The Tyrells of England (Brown, 1982)
Militia & War Office Service Records
Buckinghamshire Posse Comitatus 1798
Echoes of the Past (Cole & Dawson, 1976)
Calendars of State Papers Domestic (TNA)
Bucks. Quarter Sessions’ Records 1678-1730
Origins of English Surnames (Reaney, 1979)
Buildings of England: Bucks (Pevsner, 1994)
Middlesex Justices Quarter Sessions’ Records
Greyhound House, Launton, Oxon. Documents
History & Topography of Bucks.(Sheahan, 1862)
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (1912)
Victoria County History of Buckinghamshire (1905)
Dept. of Environment Listed Buildings (MK Borough, 1984)
Water Mills of Buckinghamshire
vol. 2, (compiled by H. E.S. Simmons)

Inner Temple, Strand, London:Treasury Office

Appendix B

THE ANCESTOR COUNT ... getting things in perspective

The 16,382 total shown below will only apply if all individuals were not related. Inter-family marriages (between cousins, etc.) would reduce
the total as bride and groom would share ancestors.

Generation :

11 times great-grandparents
Total: 16,382 people

A true pedigree records only one’s parents, grandparents and all great-grandparents in successive earlier generations. Due to the potentially vast number of ancestors we each have, most of whom would be untraceable, no pedigree can ever achieve ‘completion’.

Appendix C


This is but a small fragment of a family tree which shows the connecting bloodline of the Tooth and Panter families. A wealth of information and documents regarding these and many related families has accrued during the course of research that has been ongoing for over fifty years. Dates have been reduced to year only and nearly all biographical information omitted due to lack of space.
Key: not found = yet to be researched or research ongoing
bap = baptism (usually within two days of birth but can be at any age - register may state if teenager or adult)
mar = marriage
bur = burial (usually takes place within two days of death)

Appendix D
Inventory annexed to the will of


written: 22 January 1683; proved: 12 November 1685

(The National Archives catalogue refs: original will: PROB10/1163; regd. copy PROB11/381)

The first Schedule or Inventory of goods in my house at Castle Thorpe intended for Sr.Peter Tyrrill hee performing the conditions expressed in my will to which this annexed.

In the Hall. A faire Shovellboard table with the board, three formes, a faire Ovall-Table, a large square table, Seaven high redd leather chaires, a leather Carpett upon the Ovall table, a Pendulum Clock and Case, foure ordinary pictures Two Tinn Sconces wth. Socketts, a three cornered woodden stoole, a new bell, my husbands Eschochson or Majestic an Excellent lock and key with bolts to the doore.

In the Buttery, a large Table, a forme, one of the foure tables that belongs to the Dining roome, another little table upon wch. the presse for Linen stands, a press for Linen, a Glass case or Cubbord the wall, a large presse with two doores and two cubbords to keepe foule linen in, three shelves and three loose boards against the wall a Buttery Napkin baskett A voyder baskett an Old baskett for Trenchers A wooden voyder for glasses a round Iron frame for a waxlight and a brasse Sconce, a paile wth. an Iron baise to wash glasses in, two new window shutters Two locks &; keys to the buttery & roome within it.

In the Parler, The old greene hangings and upon them new green printed parragon hangings with Staves gilt leather, a Chimney picture of the Story of Hester The King and Queenes pictures and Duke of Yorks Three pictures of the seasons of the yeare five little pictures of Luther and Perkins a Sheppard and Sheppardes and a little boy with a bitch and her puppies, a Sydeboard table, a good Cloth Carpett edged with gilt leather a green printed Stuffe carpet edged with gilt leather and two green bayes Carpetts to lye uppermost, three window curtain rodds a large wallnutttree Cane Chaire a large Couch of greene Cloth covered with greene bayes and upon that a covering of new green printed parragon, a looking glass, three elboe chaires, with turned pillers twelve high Chaires, with turned pillers whereof two are upon the Staires three low chaires with turned pillars a little stand stable with greene and gold Seaven old green plush cusheons quilted Sixteen new green parragon quilted cusheons and one new green squob of the same for the Couch Chaire. A round wicker Skreen, a fire grate fire shovell and tongs with brasse knobs a paire of Andirons with broad double brasses An Iron wth. a Phenix Skreen fanns a paire of bellows a paire of Snuffers and Snuffedish foure long flower potts of bastard China and a Cricket, Three locks and keys to the parler and garden doores with bolts, foure gold colour Searge window Curtaines.

In the Kitchen Two Dressers and Shelves behinde the doore, a good Jack Double pullies and lead weights weighing forty two pounds, a long barr of Iron in the Chimney to hang the pott hangers on two pott hangers with an hooke to hang on them, a large fire grat with two wings two barrs at the bottom five barrs on the side and one barr loose to hold up the Wood fires a greate paire of Tongs, a plaine fire Shovell a fire shovell with a grate, a paire of greate Cobirons or Racks and two loose iron hooks on them, a fire forke, a fender, two iron dripping pans, two greate spitts, two middling spitts, two little spitts the one double, one baste forke, two iron cleavers, a trimming knife one iron pott with hooks one iron kettle both weighing ninety eight pounds one little brasse pott one little iron pott with hooks, one large Copper pott with a lidd tin'd one lesser copper pott wth. a lidd tind and great brasse Skellit and three lesser ones three brasse Sawce pans large and tin'd over one little brasse ladle and two brasse Skummers one brasse chaffing dish, one brass morter with an Iron pestle one stone morter with a wooden pestle, one large and two lesser Trivetts one gridiron, one tin dripping pann one tinn grater Cullender broyler pudding pan and a pan with a false bottom to boile fish in one-copper pan tin'd over with a false bottom to stew Carps in, one copper pot tin'd to drinke in, one brass larding pinn one iron to draw foule with one iron and two large wooden peeles two large and one little frying pans two Alchymy Spoones, one greate Salt Tubb with a Cover and a padlock one little Salt box a wood skreen to sett before the meate at the fire, a tub to put water in, a tub to receive the water in and one for the hogswash A Souce Tub, one wooden platter two greate bowles and three dishes one basket for Sea Cole and one pair of bellows Two wooden foure footed stooles a rack for bacon and one mincing block, pewter one venson pasty plate and one large charger belonging to it, Twelve dishes of the largest size, twelve dishes of the next size four Intermesses to them foure pye plates, one large intermesse for a grand Sallett with broad brims and armes in the middle, foure large Sallett dishes one Disart with five sallet dishes of a size belonging to it, six dozen of trencher plates foure porrings. twelve Scuocers one large and one lesse pewter bason, one large cisterne, two large flaggons one lesser flaggon of another fashion, one pewter pott to wash glasses in with a ladle one large and three lesser paire of Candlesticks.

In the Inner larder within the Kitchen Six shelves foure formes and a tressell to sett Tubbs on, one large lesser powdering tubbs with Covers, one greate one lesser Sowre Tubbs one paire of Scailes and a pound lead weight, one haire Sieve, one pepper mill three earthen potts for kitchen shelfe one stone bottle for vinegar.

In the little roome under the staires. Two little barrells for verjuice, a tressel they stand on a baskett for Charcole, a deale box for Candles, a Chest of drawers for spice.

In the back kitchen foure tables two Oven lidds, a paire of Scailes with an iron beam a chaine to hang them on, and an Iron halfe hundred weight, two new Spinning wheels a paire of Woodden racks.

In the Inner Larder in the back kitchen, Twoe shelves One stand one forme and a board on it a Salting Trough for bacon, a safe for cold meate, a window Shutter, a greate flower Tubb with a cover a lesser flower Tubb with a covr. a flower barrell and an Oatmeale Barrell, a locke and a key to the doore.

In the Meale house four shelves and a board for A Seate, one table, one greate kneading trough with an hand scoup an Iron Scraper and a lesser trough, a greate meale tub with a cover two greate and two lesser tressells one meale ladder, one haire, one lacene sive, onerowling pin a lock and key to the doore.

In the great Seller Thirteene upright hogges heads, two little rundletts one Candle Chest foure stands the hogsheads stands on, one tubb The Tappins of bier falls in, one greate Funnell.

In the little Ayle Seller. One Tearce, two stands the Ayle stands on, two little rundletts.

Upon the Staircase Twenty four pictures greate and little viz: Bacchus or Autumne over the Buttery doore, a little peece of fruite over the parlor doore Twelve Caesars, Herord and John Baptists head Hunting of the Stagg: Martir. T Bera & I Calvin Orpheus. Ahasuerus and Hester, a Countrey farme, a little water peece, a garden house in water colours, a round table, two Turkey worke chaires.

In the greene and silver roome. The hangings round the Chamber of greene and silver leather with fourteene new skins of the same and a square skreen of the same, one hanging shelfe of green and gold one stand for water of green and silver two new square tables one with a drawer a picture over the Chimney one paire of iron dogs for the Chimney one sett of new fashion brasse Andirons viz: Two Andirons two dogs one fire shovell one paire of tongs and two screws to hold them, one paire of bellows one paire of Snuffers three curtaine rodds, one elboe chaire two little chaires foure folding stooles excludeing the loose wrought covers, two greene Curtaines for winter one lock and key for the Doore Two white window Curtaines.

In the Calicoe or little roome over against it. The hangings round the Chamber of stript Stuffe wth. two Curtaines and rodds a bedsted matt cord and three curtaine rodds foure Curtaines and valance of stained Calicoe and lined with white Calicoe wth. tester head piece and Inner valance of the same, a large counterpaine of the same stained calicoe lined with dimity a table cloth wth. three lapps and Two Cases for two low stooles of the same a new feather bedd, Two feather bolsters and two feather pillows two good new white blanquetts and a close worke Coverlid, a stript table cloth upon one of the tables two new tables wth. Drawers one greate elboe chaire of red leather wth. a case of greene Searge Two high Turkey worke chaires two low stooles of red leather one Turkey worke Cusheon one lookeing glass with a doore frame one Stand for water one close stoole and pewter pann a lock and key to the doore.

In the Dineing roome The hangings round the roome of gray and gold gilt leather Three King Henry's Pictures, one little picture in a gold frame of water coloures Two greate gilt Sconces with Socketts one Skreene of the same gilt leather Six elboe Chaires of wainescott colour with turned pillars, one elboe blacke Chaire with turned pillars Twelve high chaires of the same garnished with gilt nailes Two spannish tables two black stands a picture over the Chimney of hunting the Stagge, an Indian large matt for the Seate eight white Callicoe window curtains four white Curtains for the drawing roome doore and window Six curtaine rodds three large yellow paragon curtaines of twelve breadthes for winter one large white paragon Curtaine of three breadthes foure window clothes stript wth. gold and silver gilt leather Two Carpetts with lappetts of gold coloured Searge stript and edged wth. gilt leather for the Spannish tables, foure gold coloured Searge Carpetts for the foure greate tables when sett together in this roome Nineteene figured velvett Cusheons and two of the blacke chaire backs lined wth. the same three dozen and marble coloured paveinge tiles for the Chimney Six greate and two little Scollop dishes for the Chimney one flower pott gilt with a Cherubim one paire of gilt bellowes Two white paragon Curtaines over the doore A lock key and bolts to the doore.

In the withdrawing roome The hangings round the roome of gold coloured Searge, One white paragon Curtaine for the winter, one square picture of fruite and Lobsters, one lesser picture of David and Abigail, three King Henry's pictures eleaven little pictures in gold frames, two blacke elboe chaires with turned pillars one blacke Table, two black Squobbs with broad Seats Six gold colour tabbey Cusheons a window cloth stript with gold leather two little heads for the window upon two little China dishes, two woodden flower potts gilded all over with gold a blew glasse bottle rib'd with Gold.

In my neece Annes Chamber The hangings round the roome of greene bayes with a picture over the Chimney one window Curtain rodd, a bedsted three curtain rods wth. a greene Searge laced bedd foure curtains Tester head peece double valance with a broad Silke fringe and a large counterpaine of the same Two feather bedds, Two feather bolsters and one pillow.

More in my neece Annes Chamber, Two white woollen blanquetts one redd rugg One greene flagg Chaire a feather Cusheon with a bucke on it, one high red leather Chaire a low red leather chaire and stoole with greene searge Cases a plaine wainescott Chest with foure drawers, one high Chest of drawers that stood in my husbands studdy for writings, a wainescott chest to hang clothes in a large blacke leather truncke and one lesser trunck to keepe house linnen in a large redd leather truncke with a Crowne in nailes upon the lidd, a red window Curtaine a paire of Iron doggs for the Chimney two locks and bolts to the doores.

In my womans Clossett copper Coffin for Venison, one greate Copper Sawce pann tinn'd over three greate copper preserving panns tinn'd over, one Copper drinking pott with a lidd one large brasse scummer one little brasse ladle, foure brasse skillitts and one little skillitt, three tinn'd boxes with lidds one tinn'd box without a lidd for coller beiffe one new tinn Stew pann, one tinn pann with a false bottom to boile fish, one new tinn grater without a bottome, one tinn pasty pann, one tinn dridging box two tinn covers one tinn Coffee pott one Tinn hoop to bake a cake in three dozen and a halfe of tinn biskett panns five tinn fishes for fresh Cheese and Creame two tinn prints to cut paste for garnishing one brasse jagging iron a preserveing furnace two little iron Chaffing dishes one stone morter and a woodden pestle one paire of brasse scailes and five weights one woodeen voyder one box with drawers for spices, one greate deep box wth. lock and key another deale box one broad hanging shelfe and nine other boards with two boards to hold up the pewter, a board to wash white Sarcenetts on a frame to wash Points De Venee Six little woodden dishes to boile puddings in, three maple trenchers one rowling pinn, a spoone, a wooden Slice three dry Cowes a case for a looking glasse, one joint stoole and a three cornered stoole, a forme and two short tables twelve baskets for fruite, a round basket for the desert Six little sives Tenn earthen panns of severall fashions, one pipkin one Sillybub pott, two Scollop dishes and two plates of white mettle foure pitchers Two long blew and white potts to stow plums in eight gaily potts with pickles in them two earthen potts with Covers to keepe Sugar, three greate wide mouthed glasses for pickles Six urinalls whereof three Crooked, a greate maine little glasses vialls and potts one little iron trivett two broad irons to sett before the fire one frying pann, a jack chaine and a peece of an iron chaine an earthen perfumeiner pott a lock and a key to the doore.

In my Clossett within my womans a Table and five shelves, one red leather chaire covered with green, a joint stoole a deep box for fruite, a long shallow box for jelly glasses seaven other large boxes, four deale boxes, foure wainscott boxes Two little barrells for brandy foure Tinn sheetes, and one sheets of glasse one tinn Tankard two tinn sawce panns two tinn spitting boxes twelve tinn new candlesticks one new tinn Cullender five white Scollop dishes two white plaine Creame bowls six white plates twelve little porringers Sixteene white Custord dishes, seaven greater, five lesser white shallow Custord dishes two white pint potts foure lesser white potts, three greate white porringers Twenty three shallow gaily potts for marmalade tenn marmalade glasses thirty gaily potts for sweete meats foure white basons and foure blew and white basons Twelve white Chamber potts foure little white potts with ears, foure pewter Socketts for Candlesticks eight Scollop Shells a lock and a key to the doore.

In my owne Chamber, the hangings round the roome of black and yellow brancht stuffe one large dimity blanquet one greene Sarcenett quilt lined wth. stained Callico two turkey worke Cusheons and one black plush leather cusheon one chaire & three low stooles of red leather with sad coloured Covers to them two ordinary little tables with drawers, one plaine wainescott chest of drawers, one wainescott settle a folding skreene with Six leaves, a little wainescott skreene two little hanging shelves, one fire shovell tongs two iron doggs, one paire of bellows snuffers and a Trivett six Coffee Cupps & foure potts one pewter Standish sand box houre glasse pully a reading frame three window Curtaine rodds one brasse Candlesticke with an handle a white chamber pott a wainescott shutter for the window, one grate two brimles pewter basons a lock and key to the doore.

In my maides chamber a bedsted and mattres three curtaine rodds foure curtaines and valance of stript stuffe with a buckrom tester, one feather bed and feather bolster, a pallat feather bed and bolster one greene rugg two white woollen blanketts, two little feather pillows one brasse warming pann, one little brasse candlestick, a large presse and four shelves Two large chests for foule Linnen with a stand to it, a woodden stand for water and a woodden stoole, a lesser woodden for foule linnen five deale boxes one close stoole and pewter pann a window shutter one old haire and one old leather trunck black.

In the Oyster-shell Chamber The hangings round the room of red flock worke A bedstead matt and Coard a new large feather bed and feather bolster and two dozone pillowes an old blanquet next the bed two new white woollen blanquets one new Scarlett coloured rugg.

More in the Oyster-Shell Chamber, foure feild curtaines head peece tester and Counterpaine of thred damaske all edged with fringe, five cases for a Couche and foure foulding stooles and a Cusheon of the same stuffe two square tables with a drawer in one of them, one armed chaire with Turned pillars, one high woodden chaire and a red searge Cusheon foure foulding stools with quilts and a foulding footestoole of gilt leather one red stand for water Three Curtaine rodds for the windows, five window Curtains of stained Callicoe Two Table clothes of the same with three laps one paire of Andirons with brasse knobbs, one paire of Doggs, a fire shovell one paire. of tongs bellows and Snuffers a lock key and bolt to the doore.

In the little Chamber over aginst the Oystershell roome, the hangings round the roome of stript stuffe green and yellow Two window Curtaines of the same with two curtaine rods for them a bedsted with wainescott head matt Cord and three Curtaine rods foure Curtaines and valance of greene searge with silke fringe with a head peece and buckrom tester, a feather bedd, a feather boulster and feather pillowes all very good Two square tables the new one wth. a drawer two white woollen blanketts, one good red rugg one Red one greene carpetts for the tables One Red stand for the water one close stoole and pewter pann one elboe chaire of red Cloth and a Turkey worke Cusheon, one Turkey worke high chaire Two stooles with red and gold leather one broken lookeing glasse a lock and key to the doore.

In the Closett within the greene chamber, foure broad boards for table and shelves the hangings round the roome of greene stript stuff and a long table Cloth of the same a settle with a greene searge Case with a silke fringe a close stoole & a pewter pan.

In the Laundry roome, a bedsted matt and Cord without head and Tester a feather bed and feather bolster, a flock bed and two flock bolsters Two white woollen blanquetts, one yellow Coverlid one large square Table, Two lesser Tables, one napkin beater, one forme, two folding stooles one broken, one Cheese presse & a tressel it stands on, one large Chest with lock and key for linnen three Basketts for clothes five hampers for Linnen one line or bed Cord, one old white blanquett to smooth on, one old yellow Coverlid to put wooll in, a fire grate shovell Tongs an iron before the fire one paire of bellows a lock and key to the doore.

In the roome even with the Laundry roome, a bedsted wth. wainescott head and Tester Matt Cord and three Curtaine rods, foure Curtaines and vallance of grey searge with a silke caul fringe, a feather bedd two feather boulsters and Two feather pillows all good, one grey rugg two good white woollen blanquets the hangings round the roome of old stript stuffe and three window rodds one Elboe and three gray Searge chaires three red leather chaires, covered with green one high Cupbord & one Chaire Table one large woodden chest for linnen with two locks and keys one lesser woodden Chest with two locks and keyes, one paire of old Andirons with brasse knobs a lock and key to the doore.

In the Chamber over the Oyster shell roome The hangings round the roome of stript stuffe, a bedsted with wainescott head and tester matt cord and three curtaine rodds foure Curtaines and vallance of red Searge with silke fringe Two good feather bedds one feather bolster one flock bolster and two feather pillowes Two good white blanketts one good red rugg another new bedstead matt Cord and three Curtaine rodds four blew Searge Curtaines and valance stript with blew and white silke lace and silke fringe with an head peece and buckrom Tester one good one worse feather bedd, one feather bolster, one flock bolster two feather pillows, Two white woollen blanketts and one blew rugg one window Curtaine and rodd one of the foure dineing roome tables one table cloth of liots one Cupbord with two shelves and another with a drawer one short Couch covered with greene Searge one low stool covered wth. greene two high red leather chaires covered with greene covers a lock and key to the doore.

In Bcde the Butlers Chamber, foure yellow bayes Curtaines and vallance one new yellow cloth Coverlid Two shelves and one little table with a drawer &: one forme a lock and key to the doore.

In the middle garrett, a bedsted matt cord three curtaine rodds four stript Curtaines & valance, a feather bed a flock bedd two feather bolsters, two white woollen blanketts, and one greene rugg one high red leather chaire two of the Dineing roome tables, and a peece of hangings upon one of the tables a lock and key to the doore.

In the Clossett within the middle garrett, One new green one old green, one old red ruggs, one new yellow woollen Coverlid three new white woollen blanquets two short feather bolsters, one flock bolster new matting one woodden stand for a looking glasse a lock and key to the doore.

In the roome between the middle garrett and Erstwhile chamber, a new high bedstedd matt cord and rodds foure stript Curtaines and valance, a new trundle bedd with a Canvas laced a feather bed and feather bolster and a flock bed and bolster all good, one old white blanquet one old yellow Coverlidd one settle a lock and key to the doore.

In Erstwhile the Balys Chamber, a bedsted matt cord three curtaine rodds foure stript curtaines and valance and a buckrom Tester, one feather bed, one feather bolster one flock bolster one little blew quilt Two white woollen blankets one greene rugg one square table with a drawer one red leather carpett one drum and sticks, one high red leather chaire with a greene Case, a lock and key to the doore.

In the Drying garrett One Trundle bed frame a round table with a drawer a peece of an high Cupbord, a bedsted for the darke coloured bed and three Curtaine rodds corded together two good stills and an old still head three good hampers, one black case for a lookeing glasse, a lock and key to the doore.

In the Dayrye, a Cheese presse, four hanging shelves, with the instruments they hang on eight table shelves with their frames, one Table one old wainscot forme one bench with two tressels it stands on, Six kymnells , two Cheese Tubs one old whey tubb six Cheese fatts, two paire of Cheese tongs two sutors one Chime Seaven Creame potts one paire of butter scale with a pound stone one butter board three steps to stand upon one stoole two Bennett potts, one Skim dish one quart one pint dishes one Cheese sive, one butter print one Kiner two milke pales one water pale.

In the Chamber over the Dairay. Three broad shelves Two formes Two old Cheese boards Two old Hampers one Stoole.

In the Poultrey houses two new penns in the first house, Two penns in the Second one old Bowie there one old bucket five Chicken troughes, one greate turkey penn in the third house one Chicken pen and one Henn penn.

In the Brcwhouse A furnace or Copper, two brasse brewing kettles a Cowler a mcashing fatt, . . one kiner, under the mash fatt one working fatt a lesser working fatt one long trough a box sive one water spout two link hangers and one iron Barr. Washing vessells in the Brewhouse Three bucking tubbs foure kiners one old washing tubb one long washing tubb Two old formes to sett the buck on one old stoole.

In the Chamber over the Brewhouse foure hampers, one pack Sadie three little old barrells, one Ark to putt feathers in, five old little barrells.

In the Mill house one tub to worke drinke in, one Crutch to kill sheep on one little square Copper kettle one little brasse kettle one hey tubb one little hand paile one Shuttle one ladeing pale one old barrell one old chicken pen one old hogg buckett.

In the Mens Chamber Three Bedsteads two old feather bedds Two old flock beds two pillows, two bolsters foure old blanketts, One old rugg One yellow and one greene Coverlidd.

B. Tyrrill.